Foundations Final Exam.docx - Roles of a nurse Collaborate with health team to effectively perform measurements\/procedures manage patient care ensure

Foundations Final Exam.docx - Roles of a nurse Collaborate...

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Roles of a nurse Collaborate with health team to effectively perform measurements/procedures, manage patient care, ensure cohesive and coordinate care for successful patient outcomes, and address a patients cultural, spiritual and mental needs Members of the healthcare team Doctors, Physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, technologists/technicians. therapists, emotional, social and spiritual support, administrative and support staff, community health workers Nola Pender Health Promotion Model Healthy behaviors are influenced by integration of unique characteristics and experiences of an individual and by influences of behavior Enculturation Cultural competence and sensitivities to different cultures. Designing, implementing, and evaluating health promotion activities must incorporate beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, and interpersonal dynamics targeted to culture Vulnerable populations and health disparities People with low socioeconomic status and people who are members or ethnic and racial minorities Hand hygiene (procedure) Soap and water: wet hands, squirt soap, scrub for 15-20 seconds getting under the nails, between the fingers, each finger, the cuticles, backs of the hands
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Alcohol based rub: squirt some into your hand and rub all over your hands, getting under the nails, the cuticles, between the fingers, each finger, and the backs of the hands until dry Hand hygiene (5 moments) Before pt contact Before aseptic task After body fluid exposure risk After pt contact After contact with pt surroundings Primary Prevention Strategies aimed at optimizing health and disease prevention. Health education (nutrition, exercise, immunizations, safe living and work environments, hygiene and sanitation, protection from environmental hazards, avoidance of harmful substances, protection from accidents, effective stress management) Secondary Prevention Screening. Goal to identify individuals in an early state of a disease process so that prompt treatment can be initiated Tertiary Prevention Restoration/Disease management. Minimizing the effects of disease and disability. Goal is to optimize management of a disease or disability, Rehabilitative efforts to increase adherence to medication, nutrition, activity, and other disease management strategies Nursing process Assessment
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Diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation Subjective data Information the patient or client tells the nurse during assessment Objective data Information that is measurable and observable Tanner's Model of Clinical Judgement Noticing: noticing things about a pt in the context of the nurse's background and experience, context of environment and knowing the pt Interpreting: process of assembling information to make sense of it Responding: implementation of actions and interventions based on pt needs Reflecting: process of thinking and learning from experiences Safety measures that are routine for each patient
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