278152309.pdf - LLOYD'S INTRODUCTION TO JURISPRUDENCE SIXTH EDITION by M.D.A FREEMAN LL.M Professor of English Law in the University of London LONDON

278152309.pdf - LLOYD'S INTRODUCTION TO JURISPRUDENCE SIXTH...

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LLOYD'S INTRODUCTION TO JURISPRUDENCE SIXTH EDITION by M.D.A. FREEMAN, LL.M. Professor of English Law in the University of London LONDON SWEET & MAXWELL LTD. 1994
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CONTENTS Preface to the Sixth Edition page v From the Preface to the First Edition ix Acknowledgments xv Table of Cases xxxiii Table of Statutes xxxvii 1. NATURE OF JURISPRUDENCE 1 What is Jurisprudence? 1 The Relevance of Jurisprudence 2 Acquiring Social Knowledge 6 Normative Character of Law 11 "Ought" and "Is" 12 Form (or Structure) and Content 14 Philosophy of Law? 14 The Need for a Comprehensive Jurisprudence 15 Jurisprudence Today 16 EXTRACTS J. Austin The Uses of the Study of Jurisprudence 20 W.L. Twining Some Jobs for Jurisprudence 23 J. Shklar Legalism 26 T. Eagleton Ideology 30 D.Hume A Treatise of Human Nature 34 K. Popper The Poverty of Historicism 35 T.S. Kuhn The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 38 T.Campbell Seven Theories of Human Society 43 MEANING OF LAW 47 The Nature of Definitions 47 "Naming a Thing" 47 "Essentialism" 48 Analysis of Words or Fact 50 Are Definitions Necessary? 51 Ideological Factors 51 Criterion of Validity 52 Law and Regularity 55 Law and Morals 56 Morals as Part of Law 58 Law and Value Judgments 59
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xxiv Contents EXTRACTS L.L. Fuller The Case of the Speluncean Explorers 60 G. Williams International Law and the Controversy Concerning the Word "Law" 73 H.L.A. Hart Definition and Theory in Jurisprudence 74 R. Wollheim The Nature of Law 77 NATURAL LAW 79 What is Natural Law? 79 The Attractions of Natural Law 86 Greek Origins 93 Jus Gentium 94 Medieval Period 95 Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-Reformation 97 Grotius and International Law 100 Natural Law and the Social Contract 101 Kant and Human Freedom 108 The Eighteenth Century 110 Nineteenth Century 113 Fuller and the Morality of Law 114 Hart on Natural Law 119 Finnis and the Restatement of Natural Law 122 Conclusion 129 EXTRACTS Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 130 Cicero De Re Publica 130 Justinian Institutes 131 Aquinas Summa Theologica 132 T. Hobbes Leviathan 137 Locke Two Treatises of Government 139 J.J. Rousseau The Social Contract 141 J. Maritain Man and the State 145 M. MacDonald Natural Rights 147 L.L. Fuller The Morality of Law 149 J.M. Finnis Natural Law and Natural Rights 163 Margaret Mead Some Anthropological Considerations Concerning Natural Law 185 A. Gewirth The Epistemology of Human Rights 187 4. BENTHAM, AUSTIN AND CLASSICAL POSITIVISM 205 Sovereignty and its Origins 20J Bentham and the Utilitarians Bentham's "Of Laws in General" Austin
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Conclusion J. Bentham J. Bentham J. Bentham J. Austin W.J. Rees Contents EXTRACTS A Fragment on Government An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Of Laws in General The Province of Jurisprudence Determined The Theory of Sovereignty Re-stated xxv 227 229 229 233 251 264 5. PURE THEORY OF L A W 271 Normativism 272 The Pure Science of Law 273 Norms and the Basic Norm 274 Hierarchy of Norms and Law-making Process 276 Sanctions 277 Kelsen and Austin 280 Norm and Command 280 Sanctions 280 Legal Dynamics 281 Basic Norm 281 Critique 281 The Basic Norm 282 International Law 288 Law and Fact 289 Non-legal Norms 290
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