11_chapter 4.pdf - CHAPTER-IV LAW RELATING TO RIGHT OF PRIVACY IN INDIA AN ANALYSIS 4.0 Introduction Human rights are those minimal rights individuals


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CHAPTER-IV LAW RELATING TO RIGHT OF PRIVACY IN INDIA - AN ANALYSIS 4.0 Introduction Human rights are those minimal rights individuals need to have against the state of other public authority by virtue of their being members of the human family, irrespective of any other consideration. The concept of human rights is founded on the ancient doctrine of natural rights based on natural is founded on the ancient doctrine of natural rights based on natural law. Ever since the beginning of civilized life in a political society, the shortcomings and tyranny and ruing powers have led people to seek higher laws. The concept of higher law binding human authorities was evolved and it came to be asserted that there were certain rights anterior to society. These were superior to rights created by human authorities, were universally applicable to have existed prior to the development political societies. These rights were mere ideologies and there was no agreed catalogue of them and no machinery for their enforcement until they were codified into national constitutions, as a judicially enforceable Bill of rights. 1 Ever since the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948 and declared all human beings are bom free and equal in dignity and rights and everyone is entitled to rights and freedoms without distinction of any kind ....... , the concern for human rights has assumed global dimension. It has been a subject of discussion in almost all national and International conferences, discourses deliberations, negotiations and transactions. Awareness to protect human rights has grown to such an extent that today it is being used as a yardstick to measure the civilization of societies, states, regimes and positive laws. It is being used as criteria for making value judgments, both the individuals and Government. It is being used as limitations on the Governments and authorities. It is being used as vehicle of development in every International monetary and humanitarian aid. 'Chairanjivi J. Nirmal, Human Rights in India, Historical , Social and Political Perspective , New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002, p.l
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113 Promotion and protection of human rights ensures prevalence of freedom justice, peace and order in each society. It ensures recognition of worth of individual on equal basis. It ensures that every human being fulfils a quality, life based equality, dignity, respect and concern. Observation of human rights is very essential and vital for every society to live in peace harmony and brotherhood. Observance of human rights is a complex one, more so in this multi-cultural, multi-lingual society like ours. Yet it is possible through co - operations with each individual observes it in his relations with other individuals, groups and society. It is possible when each individual respects the life of other as his own and when each thinks the dignity of the others is as important as his own. For it s a human rights culture has to be developed in each component society.
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