Implementing+HP+A-Series+Networks+-+Student+Guide+1+Rev+11.21Implementing+HP+A-Series+Networks+-+Stu - Implementing HP A-Series Networks H P Em pl oy ee

Implementing+HP+A-Series+Networks+-+Student+Guide+1+Rev+11.21Implementing+HP+A-Series+Networks+-+Stu

This preview shows page 1 out of 426 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 426 pages?

Unformatted text preview: Implementing HP A-Series Networks H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is pr oh ib ite d. Rev. 11.21 - Course #: 00324573 Part Number: 00324573S11105 – Book 1 of 2 Student guide HP Partner Learning H P oy pl Em ee se lfy ud st us e on ly . R n tio uc od ep r or de si ut fe ro tra ns of P H in le ho w or in pa rt is pr d. ite ib oh Implementing HP A-Series Networks H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is pr oh ib ite d. Rev. 11.21 - Course #: 00324573 Part Number: 00324573S11105 – Book 1 of 2 Student guide HP Partner Learning d. ite ib oh pr is rt pa in or le ho w in P Copyright 2011 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. si de of H The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. Printed in United States of America H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or Implementing HP A-Series Networks –v11.21 Student guide – Book 1 of 2 May 2011 HP Restricted tra ns fe ro ut This is an HP copyrighted work that may not be reproduced without the written permission of HP. You may not use these materials to deliver training to any person outside of your organization without the written permission of HP. d. Contents oh 1 pr Welcome to Implementing HP A-Series Networks ……………………………. ib ite Introduction is Module 1: VLANs and IP Gateway Features rt in Activity 1.1: VLAN Types ……………………………………………………….. 1-1 pa Objectives – Agenda – References …………………………………………….. le or Activity 1.2: Special VLANs and Local Proxy ARP ……………………………. w ho Activity 1.3: Configuring MSTP and VRRP …………………………………….. 1-2 1-11 1-15 1-20 Appendix 1B: Reference manuals for Learning Activities ……………………. 1-21 H P in Appendix 1A: Port Link-Type and Frame Handling ………………………….. de of Module 2: WAN Links 2-1 2-2 Activity 2.2: Frame Relay ……………………………………………………….. 2-5 2-6 fe ro Activity 2.1: PPP …………………………………………………………………. tra ns ut si Objectives – Agenda – References …………………………………………….. Appendix 2A: Reference manuals for Learning Activities ……………………. n or Module 3: IP Routing uc tio Objectives – Agenda – References …………………………………………….. 3-1 3-2 Activity 3.2: Multi-area OSPF …………………………………………………... 3-6 Activity 3.3: eBGP ……………………………………………………………….. 3-11 ly . R ep r od Activity 3.1: OSPF network types ………………………………………………. 3-12 H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on Appendix 3A: Reference manuals for Learning Activities ……………………. Rev. 11.21 i d. Introduction oh pr le or in pa rt is This training can provide you with the skills necessary to deploy and configure HP A-Series switches and routers to meet advanced connectivity needs of today’s medium to large campuses. Emphasizing hands-on lab activities and interactive classroom exercises, this training covers key elements that will be required anytime you must deploy, re-deploy, or maintain HP A-Series switches and routers. ib ite Welcome to Implementing HP A-Series Networks w ho Prerequisites in The prerequisites for this training are: HP AIS – Network Infrastructure certification or equivalent knowledge „ HP A-Series Networking Technologies „ HP Switching and Routing Technologies fe ro ut si de of H P „ tra ns Certification H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or Completing Implementing HP A-Series Networks, along with the prerequisites, helps you prepare to take the examination for the HP ASE - Network Infrastructure certification. Rev. 11.21 Introduction – 1 VLANs and IP Gateway Features oh ib ite d. Module 1 is pr Objectives pa rt At the end of this module you will be able to: Describe and explain and implement in A-Series switches the following VLAN features: or in „ Port-based VLANs, and in particular: Hybrid Link-type Ports x Protocol-based VLANs, IP-subnet-based VLANs and MAC-address based VLANs x SuperVLANs and Isolate-user VLANs H P in w ho le x Explain the need for and implement in A-Series switches the local-proxy-ARP feature „ Describe, explain and implement in A-Series switches the MSTP/VRRP redundancy solution for LANs fe ro ut si de of „ tra ns Agenda or Activity 1.1: VLAN Types tio n Activity 1.2: Special VLANs and Local Proxy ARP R ly . on References ep r Activity 1.4: LAB od uc Activity 1.3: Combining MSTP and VRRP Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e For the Learner Activities in this module, read the following volumes of the Operations Manual and/or Command Reference Manual at the end of this module in Appendix 1B: Topic Product Volume VLAN Types Special VLANs Local-proxy ARP MSTP VRRP H3C S7500 Series Switch H3C S7500 Series Switch H3C S7500 Series Switch H3C S7500 Series Switch H3C S7500 Series Switch 01 - Access 01 - Access 02 - IP Services 01 - Access 08 - System H P Table 1.0.1: References by Topic Rev. 11.21 1 –1 Implementing HP A-Series Networks d. Activity 1.1: VLAN Types ib ite Introduction VLAN Types „ PVID „ Port-based VLANs: Hybrid Ports „ Protocol-based VLANs „ IP-subnet-based VLANs „ MAC-address-based VLANs ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is pr „ oh In this first part of module 1 the following features will be reviewed: fe ro VLAN Types tra ns Every frame inside an A-Series switch MUST have a VLAN ID. „ x or Technical Note: the frame is not modified by the ingress process. The VLAN ID is stored in a “Packet Descriptor” database n This assignment is performed as part of the ingress process of every switch. Figure 1.1: Ingress Port and VLAN ID The VLAN type determines how Ethernet frames are assigned a VLAN ID. H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y „ us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio „ 1 –2 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features A-Series VLAN Types ite d. A-Series Switches support the following VLAN types: Port-based VLANs * x Protocol-based VLANs x IP-subnet-based VLANs x MAC-address-based VLANs x Voice-VLAN * in pa rt is pr oh ib x or „ P in w ho le (*) Covered in the AIS Training Program of H PVID (Port VLAN ID) x All PVIDs = 1 si All ports: Access link-type fe ro ut x de Factory default: „ The PVID can be modified (In Ethernet Port View) „ The PVID is also called the port’s default VLAN H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns „ Rev. 11.21 1 –3 Implementing HP A-Series Networks Learner Activity: Look-up and discuss ite d. Introduction Individual phase: Each learner will use the product manuals listed above to look up the answers for the questions or the information required to fill the tables (see below) „ Group phase: The class as a whole will discuss and verify the answer to each question ho le or in pa rt is pr „ oh ib This activity consists of two phases: in w Question 1: Port-based VLANs / Port link-types In the following table (2.1) enter the minimum and maximum number of untagged and tagged VLANs supported by each port link-type. „ Note: de of H P 1. Min can be 0 or 1 x Max can be 0, 1 or Many tra ns fe ro ut si x or Access tio n Min Max Min Max Table 1.1.1: Port link-types H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od Tagged VLANs Hybrid uc Untagged VLANs Trunk 1 –4 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features Question 2: Port-based VLANs / Port link-types ite x Frame is Untagged rt is Example: PVID is assigned to the frame and the frame is processed oh ib Access Port pr a. d. In the following table fill in how an incoming frame is handled in each case: le or in pa x Frame is Tagged x FVID=PVID of H P in w ho x Frame is Tagged x FVID<>PVID si Trunk Port ut b. de Table 1.1.2: Access Link-type Frame Processing tra ns or n uc tio x Frame is Tagged x FVID is in permitted VLANs list fe ro x Frame is Untagged Table 1.1.3: Trunk Link-type Frame Processing H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od x Frame is Tagged x FVID is not in permitted VLANs list Rev. 11.21 1 –5 Implementing HP A-Series Networks c. Hybrid Port is pr oh ib ite d. x Frame is Untagged x One or more untagged VLANs are enabled in the port w ho le or in pa rt x Frame is Untagged x Only Tagged VLANs are enabled in the port x No PVID is configured in the port fe ro ut si de of H P in x Frame is Untagged x Only Tagged VLANs are enabled in the port x PVID is one of the tagged VLANs or tra ns x Frame is Tagged x FVID is in enabled VLANs list Table 1.1.4: Hybrid Link-type Frame Processing H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n x Frame is Tagged x FVID is not in enabled VLANs list 1 –6 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features Question 3: Hybrid Port Link-type usage of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is pr oh ib ite d. In the space below, describe two situations for which hybrid ports are the solution. Consider a two tier LAN. H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de Figure 1.2: Two-tier LAN Rev. 11.21 1 –7 Implementing HP A-Series Networks Question 4: VLAN Types is ho le Source Address w 802.1Q Tag P in EtherType of H ToS / DSCP de Source Address IP rt in or Destination Address Ethernet MACaddress -based VLAN IP-subnetbased VLAN Protocolbased VLAN pa Portbased VLAN pr oh ib ite d. In the following table (2.2), for each column (VLAN type) mark with an X the field in either the Ethernet of the IP header field used by the switch to identify the VLAN to which the incoming frame belongs. ut si Destination Address tra ns fe ro Protocol H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or Table 1.1.5: Frame fields and VLAN Types 1 –8 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features d. Configuring VLAN Types in A-Series Switches is pr oh ib ite In this section basic configuration procedures are presented. No CLI commands are shown. For these commands read the Access Volume of the Configuration / Operations Guide and / or the Command Reference Guide of the A-Series device. pa rt Hybrid Link-type Create the VLANs 2. Enter Ethernet port view, layer-2 aggregate interface (link aggregation group) view, or manual port group view: 3. Configure the port link type as hybrid 4. Configure current hybrid port(s) to permit the packets of the specified protocolbased VLANs to pass through si de of H P in w ho le or in 1. fe ro ut Protocol-based VLAN Create one or more hybrid port (See above) 5. Enter VLAN View 6. Create a protocol template for the VLAN 7. Enter Ethernet port view, layer-2 aggregate interface (link aggregation group) view, or manual port group view 8. Associate the hybrid port(s) with the specified protocol-based VLAN R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns 1. on ly . IP-subnet-based VLAN Enter VLAN View y us 2. Create one or more hybrid port (See above) e 1. Enter Ethernet port view, layer-2 aggregate interface (link aggregation group) view, or manual port group view 5. Associate the hybrid port(s) with the specified IP subnet-based VLAN MAC-address-based VLAN P Em pl oy ee Associate an IP subnet with the current VLAN 4. se lf- st ud 3. H 1. Create one or more hybrid port (See above) 2. In system view, associate MAC addresses with a VLAN Rev. 11.21 1 –9 Implementing HP A-Series Networks ite Enable MAC-based VLAN oh ib 4. d. 3. Enter Ethernet port view, layer-2 aggregate interface (link aggregation group) view, or manual port group view is pr VLAN Match Precedence H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt If both MAC-based and IP-subnet based VLANs are enabled in the same port, configure the matching precedence to select which address will be considered first. By default the MAC address criterion takes precedence. 1 –10 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features ite d. Activity 1.2: Special VLANs and Local Proxy ARP oh ib Introduction is pr A-Series Switches support: SuperVLAN (chassis-based switches only) x Isolate-user VLANs x Basic and Selective (Class-based) QinQ ** x VLAN Mapping ** ho le or in pa rt x de of H P in w (**) Covered in the MASE training program ut si Isolate-user-VLAN and SuperVLAN Isolate-user-VLANs: tra ns x fe ro A-Series switches support 2 similar features: Š Re-use VLAN IDs Š Block communication between different groups of hosts within the same VLAN x od SuperVLAN: uc tio n or „ Š H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r Share the IP default gateway among a group of VLANs Rev. 11.21 1 –11 Implementing HP A-Series Networks Learner Activity: Look-up and discuss ite d. Introduction Individual phase: Each learner will use the product manuals listed above to look up the answers for the questions or the information required to fill the tables (see below) „ Group phase: The class as a whole will discuss and verify the answer to each question ho le or in pa rt is pr „ oh ib This activity consists of two phases: in w Question 1: Isolate-user-VLAN and SuperVLAN (2) In the following table, mark with an X to which layer each one of these features belongs: of H P 1. fe ro ut si Isolate-user-VLAN Layer 3 de Layer 2 tra ns SuperVLAN Table 1.2.1: Special VLAN and OSI Layer In the following table, mark with an X the VLAN Type represented in each diagram. ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or 5. Figure 2.2: Diagram 2 P Em pl oy Figure 2.1: Diagram 1 H ! 1 –12 Important SuperVLAN is only supported in chassis-based switches: A7500, A9500, and A12500. Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features 2. Describe how Local-proxy ARP can re-establish that communication. ite Explain why there is no communication between hosts in different sub-VLANs / secondary VLANs. H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is pr oh ib 1. d. Question 2: Local-Proxy ARP Rev. 11.21 1 –13 Implementing HP A-Series Networks Configuring A-Series Switches ite d. SuperVLAN oh ib In an A-Series modular switch: Create all VLANs (Do not assign ports to the super VLAN candidate) 2. In the VLAN view of the super VLAN candidate, define it as SuperVLAN and assign the sub-VLANs or in pa rt is pr 1. ho le Isolate-user VLAN w In the Layer 2 Switch: Create the VLAN (Isolate-user VLAN candidate) and assign it the uplink port 2. Configure the VLAN as an isolate-user-VLAN and assign them the respective ports 3. In system view, associate the isolate-user-VLAN with the specified secondary VLANs tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in 1. Local-proxy ARP tio n or Local-proxy ARP must be enabled in the VLAN interface of the SuperVLAN or the Isolate-user VLAN. Enter the VLAN interface 2. Configure the IPv4 address 3. Enable local-proxy ARP H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc 1. 1 –14 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features d. Activity 1.3: Configuring MSTP and VRRP ib ite Introduction pr oh MSTP Review Multiple STP regions „ Multiple Spanning Trees per Region - Called “STP Instances” „ Each instance has a different root „ VLANs mapped to Instances tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt is „ tio n or VRRP Review Provides IP Gateway redundancy „ Load Balancing: on Several Virtual Routers Š With the same real routers Š And different masters x Different host groups use a different Virtual Router as gateway H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e x ly . R ep r od uc „ Rev. 11.21 1 –15 Implementing HP A-Series Networks Learner Activity: Group Analysis ite d. Introduction oh ib The class as a whole will discuss and verify the answer to each question „ is pr MSTP/VRRP Planning ho le or in pa rt Note For simplicity and clarity a two tier network is considered for the following analysis. In the lab debrief activity below, different cases of three tier LANs will be analyzed. Figure 1.3.1: Two tier redundant LAN ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w Given the following conditions in the network shown in figure 2.3, answer questions 1 through 5: 5 VLANs are configured (besides the Management VLAN) and all VLANs must be available to all access layer switches „ Given the applications, it is expected that, in average, the traffic distribution among the different VLANs will be: oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R „ VLAN % of Total Traffic 2 3 4 5 6 10 25 30 30 5 H P Em pl Table 1.3.1: Traffic Load Distribution 1 –16 „ The CIST (Instance 0 is reserved for the management VLAN) „ Load balancing is required „ All routing is done at the core level Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features How many spanning tree instances (besides the CIST) should be configured? 2. How should VLANs be mapped to spanning instances for optimal load balancing? (Mark with an X) w ho le or in pa rt 1. is pr oh ib ite d. Note In some of the tables below there are more rows than necessary, fill only those that are needed and leave the redundant rows blank. VLAN 2 VLAN 3 VLAN 4 VLAN 5 VLAN 6 ut si de of H P 0 1 2 3 4 in Instance Nr: fe ro Table 1.3.2: VLAN to Instance Mapping How should the instance root roles be distributed among the core switches? tra ns 3. Core Switch 2 Table 1.3.3: Instance Root Bridge Mapping R ep r od uc tio n 0 1 2 3 4 Core Switch 1 or Instance Nr: How many Virtual Routers should be created? ud y us e on ly . 4. Em pl oy ee se lf- st 5. How should the VRRP master and backup roles be distributed between the core switches? Virtual Router Core Switch 1 Core Switch 2 1 2 3 4 H P Table 1.3.4: VRRP Master and Backup Router Mapping Rev. 11.21 1 –17 Implementing HP A-Series Networks d. Configuring the MSTP/VRRP solution in A-Series Switches ib oh pr in pa rt is These steps assume that all VLANs and IP addresses have been already configured in all devices. ite In this section, the procedure to configure the MSTP/VRRP redundancy solution in ASeries switches is presented. The procedure presented refers to the network shown in figure 2.3. ho Enable STP in a. le Configure MSTP in Core Switch 1 w 1. or MSTP si ut Assign a name 2) Map each VLAN to one of two MSTP instances (Instance 1 and Instance 2) 3) Configure the revision-level 4) Activate the region n or tra ns fe ro 1) Configure the switch as the Primary Root of Instance 1 and Secondary Root of Instance 2 R ep r od uc c. Configure the MSTP region. tio b. de of H P Note In A-Series switches the default STP operation mode is MSTP. Configure MSTP in Core Switch 2 on ly . 2. Enable STP e a. Configure and activate the MSTP region using exactly the same parameters as in the Core Switch 1 c. Configure the switch as the Primary Root of Instance 2 and Secondary Root of Instance 1 oy ee se lf- st ud y us b. H P Em pl 3. 1 –18 Configure MSTP in each access layer switch a. Enable STP b. Configure and activate the MSTP region using exactly the same parameters as in the Core Switch 1 Rev. 11.21 VLANs and IP Gateway Features ite pr oh In each VLAN interface 1) Configure the IP address of the virtual switch (vrid virtual-ip) that is the default gateway for that VLAN 2) If this switch is the Primary Root for the Instance to which this VLAN has been mapped, raise the virtual router priority above 100 (100 is the default) to force this switch to be the master device for this virtual router H P Em pl oy ee se lf- st ud y us e on ly . R ep r od uc tio n or tra ns fe ro ut si de of H P in w ho le or in pa rt a. ib Configure VRRP in each Core Switch is 1. d. VRRP Rev. 11.21 1 –19 Implementing HP A-Series Networks d. Appendix 1.A: Port Link-Type and Frame Handling ite Note: FVID or “Frame VLAN ID” refers to the VLAN ID carried in the tagged frame Actions x Frame is Untagged x x x x x rt pa in or le ho Frame is Tagged FVID=PVID Frame is Tagged FVID<>PVID w x x x x PVID is assigned to Frame Frame is processed FVID is preserved Frame is processed Frame is discarded is Conditions pr oh ib Port Link-Type: Access P in Table 1.A.1: Frame Handling in Access Link-type Ports of H Port Link-Type: Trunk Actions de Conditions ut fe ro tra ns Frame is Tagged FVID is in permitted VLA...
View Full Document

  • Winter '18
  • mr. j

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes