Exam 2 - The criminal justice system- The reactive agencies...

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The criminal justice system - The reactive agencies of the state that include the police, the courts and prisons. Forms of crime- Violent and property crime, juvenile crime, organized crime, white collar and corporate crime, crime committed by government, high technology crime, and victimless crime. The relativity of deviance- There are many moralities across societies and over tune and that we cannot understand deviant behavior and the reactions to it without knowing the normative context in which they occur. Social control processes- 1) Those that lead us to internalize our society’s normative expectations, 2) those that structure our world of social experience, and 3) Those that employ various formal and informal social sanctions. Social construction of deviance- Deviance in created through society; something that may be acceptable in one situation may be deviant in another, depending on the society viewing it. Methods of studying social stratification - functionalist/ conflict theory? Correlates of social class- Forms of social mobility- 1) Vertical mobility-involves movement from one social status to another of higher or lower rank. 2) Horizontal movement- entails movement from one social status to another of approximately equivalent rank. 3) INTERgenerational movement- involves a comparison of the social status of parents and their children at some point in their respective careers (around same age). 4) INTRAgenerational mobility- entails a comparison of the social status of a person over an extended time period. Status attainment process - Ethnic identity- Ethnic identity in the U.S. tends to be weak among “whites” (Symbolic ethnicities)… but strong among racial minority groups. Stereotype vs. prejudice- Individual vs. institutional- Discrimination- ( an action) a process in which members of one or more groups or categories in society are denied the privileges, prestige, power, legal rights, equal protection of the law , and other societal benefits that are available
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Exam 2 - The criminal justice system- The reactive agencies...

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