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Starla MooreCritical Approaches to Literature10/17/197-3 Final ProjectJane Eyreby Charlotte BronteJane Eyreis one of my favorite love stories and probably the first true literary text I ever read. Forthis passage fromJane Eyre,I have chosen the New Historicism lens because this approach allows us toview it in canonical and non-canonical works to interpret how authors, poets, and artists view andinterpret the events that happened around them.New Historicism examines the relationship betweenhistory and literature considering that history is something that cannot be avoided when reading literaryworks and that all literature and art is the product of historical experiences from the creator.The New Critical approach of examining a text without context is what sprang New Historicisminto play, this approach directly opposed its predecessor. This approach suggests that history is in everypiece of work and that it cannot be avoided. New Historicism is advantageous for works that were notwritten within the last several decades. New Historicism allows us to examine our own reaction tohistorical literature just like Reader-Response Theory would. While Formalism and Structuralism allowus to look at a text and interpret it through the words on the page and the patters they make, NewHistoricism views the text within the context of the culture in which it was created. For this piece,historical relevance is imperative to understanding the work.One connection I made while reading this passage was that Mr. Rochester’s socio-economictroubles stemmed from the social expectations of this era. New Historicism helps us to understand thesocial expectations of men and women in Victorian England. Arranged marriages and courtships werecommonplace between upper-class citizens, considered more of a business deal rather than a celebrationof love. Mr. Rochester being the second born son, does not inherit anything from his father, and therefore