Pathophysiology Concept Map: GERD Risk Factors: Short narrow esophagus Large volume feedings frequent horizontal positions Liquid Diet Obesity Prematurity Neurological impairment Chronic respiratory Potential Complications: Poor nutritional intake Aspiration Inflammation of the esophagus or Esophagitis Signs and Symptoms: Infants Older children Wet burps or hiccups Burning or pain in upper chest Irritability while feeding Taste of acidic content in throat Refusal to eat Blech excessively Spitting and vomiting Coughing Disease Process: Definition: A common condition in which acid from the stomach (gastric and/or duodenal) flows back into the esophagus, causing discomfort and, in some instances damage the lining of the esophageal lining. Etiology : GERD arise when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) lack the ability to keep gastric acid out of the esophagus. Prognosis: Clients with GERD have the capability to completely heal from GERD without difficulty with efficient treatment plan.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read both pages?
- Spring '17