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Midterm Study Guide -- Community Psych (1).rtf - PSY 375:...

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PSY 375: Community PsychologyMidterm Review SheetYou are, of course, responsible forallthe material covered in class and the readings. These are some topicsto guide your studying efforts, and arenotan exhaustive list of possible topics.HISTORY OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY(Tu 08/27-Th 08/29)Movements of the 1960s:Their ROOTS can be traced back to the 1940’sT.V. brought disparities to the forefrontStarted to recognize power of sexism, racism within public institutionsStart of dismantling of institutionsoE.g. NOT “separate but equal”(EINO)Movements Included: Malcolm X, MLK, Ceasar Chavez (’67), Am. Indian (’68),Stonewall Riots (’69), Mental Illness…EINO:Equality In Name OnlySystematic discrimination againstallminorities;-specific zone =suburbs=all $ goes from urban centers to suburs= not sharing inprospertySwampscott, MA:(1965) people came together because a new approach was needed; what they were doingwasn’t working.Div. 27; SCRACommunity Mental Health Movement:(1955), John F. Kennedy; drug commission increasedfunding, provided better training, anddeinstitutionalization.Deinstitutionalization:Due to theMental Health Movement,Belief: People CAN function in society, simply need a good support system soo….gov’t funded people’s housingin effect, there was a HUGE drop of inpatients in public mental hospitalsCOMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY(Th, 08/29-Tu 09/03)What is it?Julian RappaportBy combining research and action, community psych first seeksto understand individuals in terms of their community and society, then attempts to enhance thequality of life for these individuals, communities and societies(Guiding)Principles* (8)1.Research, Theory & Action CAN’T be separated from the systems in which they developPrinciples1.cannot separate research, theory or practice from the value systems from which theydevelop2.Individual is grounded in a larger ecological context; understanding that is crucial to thecorrection to any social problem3.Diverse perspectives are to be sought out, understood, voiced and respected4.Meaningful improvement in quality of life requires social change5.Focus on weakness and liabilities only leads to greater powerlessness, whereas focusing onstrengths and assets leads to empowerment6.Improve quality of life of all people & communities7.Promote social justice. Focus on prevention of social problems8.* Don’t memorize: Understand conceptually
Qualities of a Comm. Psychologist* (8)1.Clearly defined competence2.Creating an “eco identity”3.Seeking diversity, developing collaboration4.Coping effectively w/scare (and getting scarcer) resources5.Commitment to risk taking6.Balance of change and zeal (those who have the most passion tend to burn out quicker;treat it like a job)7.Tolerance for ambiguity8.Giving away the byline (aka “planned self obsolescence”)Emic & Etic:Emic:Insider perspective of defining thingsEtic:Outsider/ “other” perspective of defining things; outsider views insideGlobal contextualism:

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