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Ideology of Pakistan in Historical Perspective
Ideology: The word “ideology” is composed of two Greek words “ideo” and “logos”. It literally means “the science or study of ideas”. Ideology is a system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy. Everybody has a specific aim of life. To achieve the aim, a set of ideas provide guidance. Similarly, in collective life of a group or nation people struggle collectively in the light of common thinking. That collective thinking is called Ideology of nation. Ideology of Pakistan: Two-Nation Theory on the basis of Islamic Philosophy in political and cultural background of Sub-continent is called ideology of Pakistan. Ideology of Pakistan is to mould our individual and collective lives according to the teachings of Islam and to safeguard ourselves against all those ideologies that are against Islam. Ideology of Pakistan took shape through evolutionary process: Historical experiences provided the base Allama Iqbal gave philosophical explanation Jinnah translated it into political reality Constitution of Pakistan gave it legal sanction Ideology of Pakistan in Historical Perspective: The ideology of Pakistan stems from the instinct of the Muslim community of South Asia to maintain their individuality by resisting all attempts by the Hindu society to absorb it. A deep study of the history of this land proves that the differences between Hindus and Muslims were not confined to the struggle for political supremacy, but were also manifested in the clash of two social orders. Despite living together for more than a thousand years, they continued to develop different cultures and traditions. Their eating habits, music, architecture and script, are all poles apart. Even the language they speak and the dresses they wear are entirely different. The Muslims of South Asia believe
that they are a nation in the modern sense of the word. The basis of their nationhood is neither territorial, racial, linguistic nor ethnic; rather they are a nation because they belong to the same faith, Islam. On this basis they consider it their fundamental right to be entitled to self-determination. They demanded that areas where they were in majority should be constituted into a sovereign state, wherein they would be enabled to order their lives in individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings of Holy Quran and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (S. A. W.). Role of Sir Syed Ahmed and Two-Nation Theory: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (October 17, 1817 27 March 1898) was a teacher and politician . He was also a social reformer. He founded the school that later became Aligarh Muslim University . In 1857 there was a rebellion in India . This is known as the First Indian War of Independence . During this time, Sir Syed kept loyal to the British; He also saved many European lives. After the

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