courses_english_advanced_1501932025_2015_English_Advanced_Notes.docx - TEXT Richard III Written by William Shakespeare Looking for Richard Directed by

Courses_english_advanced_1501932025_2015_English_Advanced_Notes.docx

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TEXT FORM/STRUCTURE CONTEXT PURPOSE/AUDIENCE VALUES/IDEAS Richard III Written by William Shakespeare. Historical play written to validate the Elizabethan reign. Tragic structure: 5 act play. Shakespeare’s self- reflexive meditation on the art of theatre suspends the dramatic illusion and in so doing sets up a conceptual mirror which illuminates the conventional, illusory, and theatrical nature of everyday life. 1592: play used as easily accessible to everyone: form of political communication. - Political stability following period of unrest and threats to the throne: play is politically correct in validating the Tudor reign. Written in Elizabethan period captured audience who was aware of the ongoing political tension and intrigue. - Theatre: 1558 Q E issued decrease of censorship to promote and spread Protestantism. Connect pomo audience to Shakespeare through doco- drama about political intrigue and corruption. “How do you communicate Shakespeare to an American audience?” Also wants to show his dominance as a powerful method actor and his intelligence in being able to decode such a complex play. “We could communicate both our passion for it, our understanding that we come to.” Text mirrors Shakespeare’s concerns about the flaws of renaissance humanist philosophy that placed faith in the divinity and ability of the individual to design their own destiny. Couples with the focus on self- determination rather than God’s will, was the emergence of Machiavelli’s political discourse that asserted that the pursuit of power should not be hindered by morality. Richard the Machiavellian villain, however realises the errors in ignoring conscience. Looking for Richard Directed by Al Pacino. Doco-drama with commentary and re- enactments. Filmic essay: Pacino’s opinions exposed to the audience. 1996 pomo: discussion on existential philosophy. - Loss of trust and faith in politicians in a pomo world that witnessed the terrible loss of life in WW2, Korea and Vietnam and the rise of fascism and oppression. “They canvas like politician, complete with lies and innuendo.” - Focus of documentary is on Richard’s individualism and machinations. - Humanist self-determination reflects the 20 th Century existentialism and the economic rationalism and rise of powerful corporate giants where individuality and humanity’s need to success. Entertain through an enigmatic villain and provoke thought about renaissance humanism. Also to validate the Tudor reign: War of the Roses. Richard being a York and Elizabeth a Tudor. Richmond who defeats Richard at the battle of Bosworth and becomes divine King, uniting England. King Henry Tudor (great grandfather of Elizabeth 1) Picks up on similar concerns about the potential problems associated with individualism.

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