PP African Americans Today - African Americans Today Chapter 8 Education formal schooling is key to social mobility Poor quality and quantity of

PP African Americans Today - African Americans Today...

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Unformatted text preview: African Americans Today Chapter 8 Education formal schooling is key to social mobility Poor quality and quantity of education Insensitive teachers Overcrowded Irrelevant curricula Educational gap between Blacks and Whites School Segregation De jure segregation – assigned to schools on basis of race 1954 - Brown v. Board of Education De facto Segregation Due to residential patterns visible today Tracking placing students in curriculum groups on basis of test scores African Americans - general classes White children -college prep 60% elementary schools 80% middle/high schools Higher Education HBCU : ¼ Black graduates Upward trend to higher education declined Why? Less financial aid higher standards negative publicity of affirmative action racial incidents The Economic Picture Income and Wealth Income Measure overall economic situation salaries, wages, etc Wealth All material assets, land and property In 2008 Median income of White family: $74,102 Blacks family $34,218 24.7% of Blacks - below poverty level 8.4% of non-Hispanic Whites Wealth greater disparity Generations -unable to accumulate wealth Can’t buy home The Economic Picture Employment Unemployment rate is significantly higher for Blacks Why? central cities Immigrant competition White middle-class women Illegal activities Underemployment overqualified, part-time, or employed sporadically Family Life Challenges 1. Female-headed HH 2. Economic status of male deteriorating 3. Extended family – support Strengths: 1. Kinship bonds 2. Strong work/religious/achievement 3. Adaptable family roles 4. Extended family support The African American Middle Class 2007: ¼ of African Americans: Middle Class Does not stop discrimination Class- similar income/wealth level William J. Wilson: (1980): “Class more important than race” Residential Segregation Factors: Private prejudice and discrimination Ineffective policies Public housing banks and lenders Redlining Zoning Laws - specific standards of housing construction- curbs low income housing Criminal Justice Blacks constitute: 3% of lawyers 14.9% of police 17.6% of detectives 29.8% of security guards 39% of jail inmates FBI’s Uniform Crime Report 28% of arrests, only 13% of population Victimization Surveys interviews of ordinary people, how much crime occurs Blacks: 22% more likely to be victims of violent crime 70% violent crime against whites: by whites Differential Justice Whites dealt w/more leniently than Blacks Every stage of CJS Victim Discounting Crimes less significant when victim viewed as less worthy Drive by vs. random school shooting Health Care Black men more likely to fall victim to: Unrelenting stress Heart disease Cancer heart disease, pneumonia, diabetes, stroke & cancer Conflict Perspective Howard Waitzkin (1986) Racial tensions contribute to the medical problems high rates of hypertension Issues of environmental justice toxic pollution Hazardous dumps Low income areas Politics 38 African American- congress representatives Locally elected – difficult to get statewide office Gerrymandering Dated from 1810 outlining of districts to create certain politically outcomes *African Americans – not equal share of political pie ...
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