world lit test 1 - The epic of Gilgamesh Themes-hubris-friendship-the relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu-women-women have the power to

world lit test 1 - The epic of Gilgamesh...

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The epic of Gilgamesh Themes -hubris - -friendship -the relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu -women -women have the power to debase a character -immortality - -virtue - -originated from Mesopotamia (the land between two rivers – tigris and Euphrates) -mixture of fact and fiction -for a very long time we only had some of the tables -sir austen henry layard -spent a good portion of his life finding the tables / without him wouldn’t have the story page 38 line 11 -discuss the figure of Gilgamesh / “he built the walls of…..” page 38 line 28 -“gilgamesh who underwent many hardships….” -gilgamesh is like a natural phenomenon that we haven’t ever seen before. He is not like us. Page 39 at the top -“who can be like Gilgamesh…” -describes his perfection but he is 2/3 divine 1/3 human. 1/3 human shows he has flaws (his immortality) he has to accept his death is inevitable since he is human page 39 line 55 -gilgamesh walking around ora and taking children -implies that these young men and women admire Gilgamesh -parents complaining that he is taking children from them -Anu – god of light – “let us summon aruru…” -conclusion Gilgamesh is too powerful and they want someone who can contend with him (Enkidu) line 91 -line 142 -gilgamesh responds to hunter to let women (Harlet) seduce enkidu so he loses respect from animals -harlet and Enkidu end up having a sexual relationship
-enkidu sits at the harlet’s feet and she is going to instruct him on how he should be -“you are handsome you are like a god… let me lead you to gilgameshs place” -befriends harlet bottom of page 42 “come shamat… I myself will challenge him” -he contradicts himself by somewhat changing then saying hes gonna challenge Gilgamesh to a fight -gilgamesh has dreams of future but he cant interpret them since hes human so he goes to his mom (line 239) -she tells him a companion will come to him and you will fall in love with him tablet 2 pg 44 -pg 45 enkidu forgot the step where he was born (forgot where his home is) -shephards set a massive feast for Enkidu since they realize he is like gilgamesh -drinks beer and eats bread, wearing human clothes, sexual interactions -transformation done “Enkidu is washed clean, anointed with oil, treated hairy body with water, turned into a man.” -page 46 transformation is completed here -sexual interaction with shamat and when he looks up he sees this man approaching and Enkidu says to him where he is rushing to. Man says he was invited to a wedding. When the women marrys a man she has to sleep with Gilgamesh before her husband. When Enkidu heres this (“at the man’s account his face went pale”) you can see that Enkidu has emotions he is no longer an animal he is a human -enkidu decides hes going to stop Gilgamesh -gilgamesh is preparing to take a bride (line 93) Enkidu approached him and doesn’t let Gilgamesh open the door to go to the room. They grappled eachother and fought. They fought and then they kissed and became friends because they realize they need eachother. They got emotional -gilgamesh wants to slay the giant umbaba. He asks Enkidu for hel. He says hes from the cedar

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