World War 2.docx - WORLD WAR TWO EXAM PREPARATION US...

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WORLD WAR TWO EXAM PREPARATION US Foreign Policy Isolationist: The US did not want to deal with international issues, focusing more on domestic issues (i.e. the Great Depression) This only affected political ties being that economic trading and deals were still open to connections with both Japan and Europe London Economic Conference (1933): Countries came together to figure out ways to combat the Great Depression and it was evident that America had a very little inclination to help ease the goal pain The most notable contribution was the “bombshell message” that FDR delivered in July which essentially told everyone that it was up to their own country to combat the depression He later withdrew from the conference and the whole thing collapsed, this was another act of America’s isolationism and protectionism Dawes Plan: 1924 After diffusing the Ruhr crisis, American Finance Minister created a plan to ease Germany's reparations payments to speed up receiving loans from Britain and France A new payment schedule for reparations → froze reparation payments for two years and provided Germany with loans from America, France would leave occupied Ruhr within 12 months As a result of Germany falling back on reparations in 1923 → France occupying the Ruhr region → America called to mediate and following deliberation, the French were to leave Ruhr in 12 months Open Door: 1905 There should be no violation of existing territorial possession or discriminatory practices at ports/ rail lines + equal trading rights in China Washington made this because they were scared to lose power → didn’t want the region to be open only to Europe ebing that this was a time where European mans wanted to exploit Asia Japan was also a concern so they signed the Lanshing-Ishii Agreement (1917) which stated that Japan would uphold the policy and forswear any monopolistic intentions and the US would recognize Japan’s right to protects its interests along the Chinese border Dollar Diplomacy: 1920s American meddling in Latin America resulted in chaos & revolution America's using its financial power to assert influence in Latin America/Asia Culture influence 60% of exports consumed by Europe during the war, so the rebuilding of the European economy was necessary Debt Funding Bill forbade the cancellation of debts owed America Washington Treaties: America wanted to restrain Japan’s navy, end tensions with Britain and safeguard open door policy in China while Japan sought to receive assurance that its possession on the mainland will not be challenged (Manchuria) 5 Power Treaty (1922) Concerned by Japs growing navy, US and Brit limited Japs navy A ratio of 5:5:3 on naval vessels (but the US and Britain have to split up navies, Japan concentrated in Pacific) Despite restrictions on naval build-up made during the Washington Conference and the 5 Power Treaty, America continued to build its navy due to fear of Japan 4 Power Treaty (1921)

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