Exam 2 Socio - Chapter 4 Society Social Interaction(Multiple Choice Q\u2019s Ch 4 Organic solidarity is most likely to exist in which of the following

Exam 2 Socio - Chapter 4 Society Social...

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Chapter 4: Society & Social Interaction(Multiple Choice Q’s: Ch. 4)°* Organic solidarity is most likely to exist in which of the following types of societies?Industrial°* Which of the following best depicts Marx’s concept of alienation from the process of one’slabor?A supermarket cashier always scans store coupons before company coupons because she was taught to do it that way.°* The concept of the iron cage was popularized by which of the following sociological thinkers? Max Weber°* According to Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, society is based on what? Habitual ActionsHomelessnessMacro-Level Functionalism°Homelessness equals a dysfunction in society.°What institutions are failing to cause this issue?°Institutions are NOT fulfilling their functions.°The government may not be fulfilling what they are supposed to.- Welfare of the people.°Economy- Housing to income ratio.-- Housing prices have increased and income has not kept up with it.°Mental healthcare institutions.°PoliciesConflict Theorist°Contradiction between capital and labor.°Contradiction between the Haves seeking exchange value and the Have Nots seeking usevalue.- Exchange Value: The money that you can get from something which is the profit, ratherthan the use of it.°Political economy approach to understanding the drug crime.- Disproportionally, the minorities and the poor people were swept up by the drug crime, the wealthy have the upper hand.Micro-LevelSymbolic Interactionism°Personal choices affect the lives of the individual, such as drug addiction.°Stigma- Such as if a homeless person wants to find a job and they end up gettingrejected.
Types of SocietiesSociety: A group of people who live in a definable community and share the same culture.Preindustrial Societies°Small, rural, and dependent on local resources.°Hunter-Gatherer: Societies that depend on hunting wild animals and gatheringuncultivated plants for survival.°Pastoral: Societies based around the domestication of animals.°Horticultural: Societies based around the cultivation of plants.°Agricultural: Societies that rely on farming as a way of life.- As resources became plentiful, social classes became more divisive.°Feudal: Societies that operate on a strict hierarchical system of power based around land ownership and protection.- Individual pieces of land were known as fiefdoms.Industrial Society°Industrial: Societies characterized by reliance on mechanized labor to create materialgoods.°The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century in Europe.°The results of increased productivity and technology gave rise to urban centers.

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