Chapter 2-1.pptx - Chapter 2 England\u2019s Colonies \u00a9 2016 W W Norton Company Inc Focus Questions 1 What motivated England to establish American colonies

Chapter 2-1.pptx - Chapter 2 England’s Colonies © 2016 W...

This preview shows page 1 - 12 out of 47 pages.

© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Chapter 2 England’s Colonies
Image of page 1
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Focus Questions 1. What motivated England to establish American colonies? 2. What were the characteristics of the English colonies in the Chesapeake region, the Carolinas, the middle colonies— Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware—and New England prior to 1700? 3. In what ways did the English colonists and Native Americans adapt to each other's presence? 4. What role did indentured servants and the development of slavery play in colonial America? 5. How did the English colonies become the most populous and powerful region in North America by 1700?
Image of page 2
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. The English Background Characteristics of British Development in the 1600s -- Developed apart from mainland Europe -- Feudal elements of society in decline English Liberties English Enterprise -- Primogeniture produces merchant class of younger sons -- Government creates monopolies
Image of page 3
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. The English Background Parliament and the Stuarts James I Charles I Oliver Cromwell Charles II James II William & Mary
Image of page 4
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. The Execution of Charles I Flemish artist John Weesop witnessed the king’s execution in 1649 and painted this gruesome scene from memory. He was so disgusted by ‘a country where they cut off their king’s head’ that he refused to visit England again. The toppling of Charles I began the Interregnum, an 11-year period during which England lacked a monarchy.
Image of page 5
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. English Governance The Glorious Revolution -- Pro-Catholic James II deposed in 1688 -- Replaced by Protestant William and Mary British Bill of Rights -- Empowers individuals rather than state -- Expands religious freedom Ripple Effects in the Colonies
Image of page 6
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Settling the Chesapeake Joint Stock Companies -- Investors financed venture Differences Between English and Spanish Colonization Attempts -- Private vs. public -- Decentralized vs. hierarchical -- Settlers vs. conquerors -- Diversity vs. homogeneity
Image of page 7
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. ‘Ould Virginia’ This 1624 map of Virginia by John Smith, showing Chief Powhatan in the upper left.
Image of page 8
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. The Virginia Colony Jamestown settlement (1607) -- Location swampy, unhealthy -- Instant profits didn’t come -- 66 of 104 died within 6 months Chief Powhatan -- Led local confederacy of Indians -- Relationship with Jamestown cooperative/competitive John Smith -- Military man restored order as colony neared collapse, left for good in 1609 John Smith
Image of page 9
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. The Virginia Colony Reinforcement attempts -- ‘Want of industrie’ blamed for failure, but institution of property rights was key to turnaround -- Colony on verge of being abandoned when Lord De La Warr arrived with fresh settlers in 1610 Discovery of tobacco -- John Rolfe introduced it as export crop in 1612 -- Edward Sandys instituted headrights in 1618, leading to growth of plantation economy
Image of page 10
© 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Image of page 11
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 47 pages?

  • Spring '15
  • Gonzalez

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes