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Running head: REASONS AND EFFECTS OF ENGLISH AS USED BY PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN KENYAReasons and Effects of English as Used by Preschool Teachers in KenyaStudents Name:Reg. No.Institution:Unit Code:Unit Title:Lecturer:Date:
REASONS AND EFFECTS OF ENGLISH USE BY PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN KENYA 2During the pre-schooling years of a child, it defined as the period that a child goes through the most rapid phase of growth and development. Their brains develop faster than at any other point in their lives, so these years are critical. The foundations for their social skills, self-esteem, perception of the world and moral outlook are established during these years, as well as the development of cognitive skills (Graham & van Ginkel, 2014). During the first few years of life, a child learns a lot about themselves and the world around them, and parents are their first teachers. They teach them the alphabet, shapes, and colors, and even how to count and spell very simple words. But for healthy development, children need active stimulation and interaction withothers. It is at this stage where early childhood education is the most beneficial. Preschool education focuses on “learning through play” by providing a hands-on, interactive atmosphere where children learn about themselves through playing with other children (Obondo, Okwara & Ondondo, 2018). The teacher then becomes somewhat of a surrogate parent, their first source of guidance in playing with others and forming friendships.Accordingly, after several decades as a British colony, Kenya gained its independence in 1963. English remains the dominant language in the Kenyan education system, politics and, commerce. Furthermore, it is noted that the colonial history of Kenya established English “as themost revered, powerful and ‘prestigious’ language,” while the mother tongues were to be used “for mundane communicative needs” in the private sphere (Kembo-Sure & Ogechi, 2019). Arguably, independent language policy in education firmly entrenched the old colonial pattern tothe extent that the mother tongue is used as a medium of instruction and taught as a subject for only three years of an individual’s school career which is ironically shorter than the four years the colonists gave it. National language policy mandates use of the language of the catchment area as the medium of instruction in Grades 1 to 3 in practice, however, English is used
REASONS AND EFFECTS OF ENGLISH USE BY PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN KENYA 3

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