IELTS___Ideas_and_Examples_for_IE - \u96c5\u601d\u53e3\u8bed\u767e\u79d1\u5168\u4e66 IELTS \u96c5\u601d \u53e3\u8bed\u5168\u653b\u7565 Ideas and Examples for IELTS Speaking Jeremy Chiron \u7f16\u8457

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Unformatted text preview: 雅思口语百科全书 IELTS 雅思 口语全攻略 Ideas and Examples for IELTS Speaking Jeremy Chiron 编著 北京语言大学出版社 BEIJING LANGUAGE AND CULTURE UINIVERSITY PRESS 1 图书在版编目(CIP)数据 雅思口语全攻略/(法)希隆编著.一北京:北京语言 大学出版社,2011 重印 ISBN978-7-5619-2989-6 I.①雅…II .①希…M. WELTS 一口语一自学 1 H319.9 参考资料 IN○ 中国版本图书馆 CIP 数据核字(2011)第 048583 号 _______________________________________________________________________________ 书名:雅思口语全攻略 责任印制:陈辉 _______________________________________________________________________________ 出版发行:北京语言大学出版社 社 址:北京市海淀区学院路 15 号 网 址: 电 话:发行部 82303648 /3591 /3650 邮政编码:100083 编辑部 82301019 读者服务部 82303653 /3908 网上订购电话 82303668 客户服务信箱 [email protected] 印 刷:北京外文印刷厂 经 销:全国新华书店 _______________________________________________________________________________ 版 次:2011 年 4 月第 1 版 开 本:787 毫米 x1092 毫米 字 数:559 千字 书 号:ISBN978-7-5619-2989-6/H.11028 定 2011 年 12 月第 3 次印刷 1/16 印张:24.5 价:49.8 元 _______________________________________________________________________________ 凡有印装质量问题,本社负责调换。电话:82303590 2 序 当 Jeremy 独自在非洲旅行、挑逗大草原狮子的时候,我正坐在办 公室里细细阅读这本书的原稿。 这本书的出版离不开我的怂恿。Jeremy 和我一同做过几次雅思 的公开讲座,第一次是在福州的三峡影院。听完他的讲座后,我跟他 说:我听过许多外教的口语课程,你的教学方法与众不同,让我印象 深刻。从你的教学思路中我感到你真正了解中国学生的口语水平和他 们学习的痛苦。我强烈建议将你的独家讲义整理扩充,集结成书出版, 让更多的学生受益。 数次鼓动之后,Jeremy 终于答应。又过了两年后,终于成书。 我想,这应属于标准的慢工出细活吧。 Jeremy 的授课风格是激情而生动,演讲时上蹿下跳,是讲台上 的舞者。通过两年的艰苦工作,他把这种个人的激情和热爱通过笔尖 沉淀在了这本书中,希望各位读者能够真正享受学习的快乐,了解口 语提升的真谛。 刘洪波 北京雅思学校总校校长 2011 年 2 月 3 Foreword Dear Students, Having taught IELTS in China for four years already, I’m here to help you understand that the IELTS speaking test is not as complicated as people seem to think. My aim with this book is to give you as many examples as possible (some kind of cheat-notes) to give you ideas on how YOU could answer the questions when your turn comes to face the examiner. In writing, I would tell you: in this instructional textbook you will surely find that you won’t need to recite a plethora of inexorably difficult words in order to achieve well on the exam. However, in speaking it means that you must keep things clear and simple-you don’t need to use so many difficult words when you speak English! Before you start reading the numerous examples for Part 1,2 and 3, it is essential that you read the Strategies section of this book as it will lay down the rules and explain to you what you must do and what you must avoid doing during the test. Depending on your level, some answers might be too long for you but you can select parts of the answer, steal some ideas, and then make them your own. Remember that the IELTS speaking test is based on communication, which means that you need to be interesting and clear. Don’t use words you are not extremely familiar with. “I understand the question but I don’t know what to say!”= Too many students in my classes tell me they don’t know what they could say to express themselves (especially in Part 2 and 3). This book will give you many suggestions on what you could say as well as show you how to fully develop your answers. The result is that you .will finally be able to express your ideas like a native English speaker would. Remember, however, DO NOT RECITE the answers that are given to you in this book. You might want to learn one or two sentences because they are well-put-together, but the idea is for you to read the answers offered in the book, think about the meaning, and then create your own. I am sure you will find this book useful while preparing for the IELTS test. I hope you can enjoy studying and improving your English as much as I took pleasure in writing this book. Remember that practice makes ... improvement. Wishing you all the success you deserve! Best from Jeremy Chiron 4 前言 亲爱的学生们: 在中国教授雅思课程已有 4 个年头了,在此我想告诉大家雅思口 语考试并非人们想象的那么复杂。我写本书的目的是为了给大家尽可 能多的示例(某种秘籍),以便让大家知道当你们面对考官提问时可 以怎样回答。 我想告诉大家:你们在本辅导书中肯定会发现,在写作中,并不 需要为了考出好成绩而背诵一堆高深复杂的词汇。而在口语中,这就 意味着你必须做到清晰而简明—说英语时并不需要使用那么多高难 度的词汇。 在开始学习本书关于口语考试第一、第二和第三部分的范例之 前,大家有必要阅读本书的“雅思口语考试十大攻略”部分。它将提 供口试须遵循的法则,并告诉大家在口试中须做些什么,避免些什么。 根据大家的水平,书中有些答案的内容或许太长。但大家可以节 选答案的一部分,获取一些灵感,用于自己的回答之中。 请记住,雅思口试的基点是交流。也就是说,你的回答必须有趣、 清晰。切勿使用你不熟知的单词。 “我明白问题的意思,但我不知道该说什么!”在我的课上有许 多学生告诉我他们不知道该说些什么来表述自己的想法(尤其是口试 第二部分和第三部分)。本书将就如何回答以及如何充分拓展回答内 容给予大家许多建议,最终让大家能够像英语母语者那样来表述自己 的观点。 请记住,无论如何,不要去背诵本书中提供的答案。或许你想学 习其中的一两个句子,因为这些句子非常经典,但本书的旨意是让大 家学习书中所提供的回答,思考其含义,然后创作自己的回答。 我相信在大家准备雅思口试时会感受到本书的实用之处。 我希望大家能够享受学习和提高英语水平的过程,正如我享受写 作本书的过程。 练习成就进步。祝愿大家学有所成! Jeremy Chiron 5 Acknowledgements Thanks to every student who joined my classes and provided the idea for this book. I enjoy teaching IELTS because it is fascinating to hear what you have to say about life in China. I’d also like to thank Liu Hongbo and Li Ran from Beijing IELTS for making the publishing of this book possible, and Anne Meredith for going over my writing and providing her American perspective and expertise on this project. I want to thank my parents who have always supported me and encouraged me to be curious and spontaneous. I now want to encourage my students to do the same. An affectionate thank to Tang Xiaojiao who has played a very important role in my life in China, especially during the creation of this book.. Although I’ve nearly forgotten, I’ve been reminded to offer a particular word of gratitude to my dearest Sugar. Your devotion and support have comforted me in the lengthy process of publishing this book, and your sassy quick-wit will undoubtedly be an inspiration for my next edition. I would not dream of completing it without you. The opinions expressed in the sample answers are not necessarily my own or even similar to my own. Good luck to all the students who strongly desire to improve their English. Jeremy Chiron 6 Contents 目 录 Who Is the Author of This Book?-An Overview of the IELTS Speaking Test (Part 1&2) 作者简介—雅思口试(第一、二部分)概览 1 10 Strategies for the IELTS Speaking Test 雅思口语考试十大攻略 5 1 Rule #1:Don’t Be Boring! 第一法则:切勿枯燥乏味! 6 2 Rule #2: Describe! Give Details! 第二法则:描述!给出细节! 8 3 Rule #3: Develop+Connect!第三法则:拓展+关联! 10 4 How to Prepare 如何备考 12 5 Know What to Expect from the Test 了解雅思口试都考些什么 16 6 Be Clear about How the Examiner Will Assess Your Level 清楚考官如何评估你的水平 18 7 20 Learn How to Plan for Part 2 学习如何构思口试的第二部分 8 Three Language Tips 三个语言技巧 23 9 25 Master the Most Useful Words for the Test 掌握口试最实用的词 10 Avoid Some Common Mistakes 避免常犯的错误 27 QuestionType 口语问题的种类 31 1 Do You Like…? 32 2 How Often…? 35 3 How Important...? 38 4 Do You Think...? 41 5 Why…?(Causes) 44 6 What Effects…?(Results) 47 7 Compare…(Advantages and Disadvantages) 50 8 How Could…?(Solutions) 53 9 How Might...?(Possibilities in the Future) 56 7 Part 1 of the IELTS Speaking Test 雅思口语考试第一部分 1 Yourself 59 60 2 Your Family 63 3 Your Hometown 66 4 Your Home 69 5 Your Studies 72 6 Your Work 75 7 Food 78 8 The Weather 80 9 Your Hobbies 82 10 Sports 84 11 Music 86 12 Shopping 88 13 Reading 90 14 Writing 92 15 Newspapers 94 16 TV and Films 96 17 Computers 99 18 Nature 101 19 Pollution 103 20 Traveling 105 21 Languages 108 22 Festivals 110 23 Going Overseas 112 24 Your Future 114 Part 2 and Part 3 of the IELTS Speaking Test 雅思口语考试第二、三部分 1 People 117 Your Best Friend 118 A Classmate 120 8 A Happy Person 122 A Smart Person 124 A Famous Person 126 A Famous Foreigner 128 A Person in History 130 A Leader 132 A Person You Would Like to Interview 134 A Neighbor 135 A Successful Person 135 A Leader You Admire (= A Person in History) 136 A Person You Would Like to Interview 136 2 Family 137 Your Father 138 Your Grandfather (=An Old Person You Know) 140 A Person Who Has Greatly Influenced You 142 A Person Who Has Helped You 144 Something Your Family Has Kept for a Long Time 146 A Family Photo 146 3 Personality 147 Something Good about Your Personality 148 One or Two Bad Habits that You Have 150 Something Good about Your Personality 152 4 Places 153 A Place Abroad Where You Would Like to Live 154 A House You Have Visited 156 A Quiet Place 158 A Library 160 Your Ideal House 162 5 Your Hometown 163 Your Hometown 164 A Place of Interest in Your City 166 9 A Modem Building in Your Hometown 168 The Best Parts of Your Hometown 170 A Place You Have Visited 170 6 Traveling 171 A Holiday You Have Taken 172 A Trip You Would Like to Take 174 A Historic Site 176 An Educational Visit 178 A Walk You Particularly Enjoyed 180 A Place You Would Like to Visit 182 A Place You Would Like to Visit 183 A Place Near Water You Have Visited 183 A Trip that Did Not Go as Well as Expected 184 A Three-Day Holiday You Would Like to Take 184 7 Celebrations 185 A Birthday 186 A Wedding 188 A Festival (Chinese New Year) 190 A Festival (Dragon Boat Festival) 191 A Foreign Festival 192 A Gift You Received 194 A Party You Would Like to Organize 196 A Gift You Gave to Someone 196 8 Childhood 197 A Child You Know 198 A Toy You Enjoyed in Your Childhood 200 A Group Activity You Enjoyed as a Child 202 A Childhood Song You Remember 204 A Happy Childhood Memory 206 A Toy You Had in Your Childhood 208 A Game You Played in Your Childhood 208 10 9 Life Experience 209 An Important Stage of Your Life 210 An Enjoyable Stage of Your Life 212 A Habit that Influences Your Life 214 An Important Conversation You Have Had 216 Some Good News You Received by Phone 218 A Great Change that Occurred at Some Point in Your Life 220 A Success You Have Had 220 A Piece of Advice You Received 221 A Piece of Good News You Received 221 A Time When You Were Extremely Busy 222 10 Studies 223 A School You Attended at Some Point in Your Life 224 A Teacher You Have Had 226 A Subject You Enjoyed Studying at Secondary School 228 Something You Would Like to Learn 230 A Science Lesson or Experiment 232 A Skill You Recently Learned 234 A Group Activity You Successfully Took Part in 236 A Language You Would Like to Learn 238 Someone Who Helped You Improve Your English 241 A Short Course You Have Taken or Would Like to Take 241 Something that Helped You Improve Your English 242 A Second Language You Would Like to Learn 242 11 Reading and Writing 243 An Important Letter You Received 244 A Postcard You Received 245 A Book You Have Read 248 A Story You Have Heard 250 A Book You Might Like to Write 252 An Important Letter You Received 253 An Important Letter You Wrote 253 11 A Book You Read and Would Like to Read Again 254 12 Media 255 A Website You Often Visit 256 A Newspaper You Often Read 258 An Interesting Piece of News You Recently Heard about 260 A TV Program You Like 262 An Advertisement that Influenced You to Buy Something 264 A Speech You Have Heard 266 A Website You Often Visit 267 A Newspaper You Often Read 267 A TV Program You Dislike 268 An Advertisement that Influenced You to Buy Something 268 13 Technology 269 A Technological Item You Own (Phone) 270 A Technological Item You Own (Computer) 272 Something Expensive You Would Like to Buy 274 14 Money 275 The Role Money Plays in Your Life 276 What Would You Do with One Million Dollars? 278 15 The Future 281 A Change You Would Like to Make in Your Life in the Future 282 A Leisure Activity You Would Like to Start Doing 284 A Job You Would Be Good at 286 A Change that Might Occur in Your Life in the Future 288 A Job You Would Love to Have in the Future 288 16 Business 289 A Restaurant You Like 290 A Small Shop You Often Go to 292 A Company Someone You Know Works for An Organization 295 296 12 17 Transport 297 A Vehicle You Would Like to Buy 298 A Traffic Jam You Experienced 300 A Form of Transport You Enjoy Using (Bike) 302 A Form of Transport You Enjoy Using (Plane) 304 18Pollution 305 A Polluted Place 306 A Form of Pollution in Your City 308 19 The Weather 311 Your Favorite Season 312 The Weather in Your Hometown 314 Snow 316 20Clothes 317 An Item of Clothing You Wear on Special Occasions 318 A Traditional Item of Clothing in Your Country 320 A Uniform 322 21 Food 325 Someone Who Is Good at Cooking 326 A Special Meal You Ate 328 A Health Problem 330 A Picnic or a Meal You Ate Outside 332 22Sports 333 An Exciting Sport You Play or Watch 334 Something You Do that Is Good for Your Health 336 Something You Do to Relax 338 Someone Who Won a Competition 340 A Sports Competition 340 23 Art 341 A Famous Sculpture 342 A Work of Art You Have Seen or Heard about 344 13 A National Art Form 346 A Performance You Enjoyed Watching 348 A Movie You Recently Watched 350 Something You Made by Hand 352 A Family Photo 352 24 Music 353 A Song You Enjoy 354 A Public Event You Took Part in 356 A Childhood Song You Remember 358 A Famous Singer in Your Country 359 A Piece of Music or a Song that You Particularly Enjoy 360 25 Animals 361 A Wild Animal 362 A Domesticated Animal 364 A Bird 366 26 China 367 A Public Event You Took Part in 368 Agriculture in China 370 How to Treat Your Friends Who Visit You 372 A Controversial Issue in Your Country 374 A Product Your Country or Region Is Famous for 376 14 Who Is the Author of This Book? —An Overview of the IELTS Speaking Test (Part 1& 2) 作者简介—雅思口试(第一、二部分)概览 PART 1 1. What’s your name please? My name is Jeremy Chiron; it is spelled C-H-I-R-O-N. 2. Where do you come from? I was born and raised in a small town located in central France, about one hour outside the city of Lyon. To give you a better idea, from Paris, Lyon is a five-hour drive south, towards Switzerland. My area is a quiet region, with vineyards covering the hills. It’s very peaceful. It usually makes Chinese people smile when I tell them my hometown only counts 800 people. 3. Do you work? Yes, absolutely. I’ve been a teacher here in China for the past 4 years. Wow, 4 years already! It’s hard to believe how time flies! I work in a training center called Beijing IELTS, and obviously I teach students how to get ready for this test. I usually teach the speaking part of IELTS, but occasionally I help students with their writing too. 4. How long have you been a teacher? I’ve been teaching for 5 years now. As I told you: 4 years in China. I’ve worked in different training schools and also 2 years at Fujian Normal University. And before coming to Fuzhou, I was working as a French teacher in Australia. I spent a year teaching both primary and high-school French in Perth, Western Australia. It was a wonderful first experience in a picturesque background. Perth is such a stunning city! The school where I used to work overlooked pristine beaches. It was hard for students to focus! 5. Why do you like your job? I guess I was born to teach. I am not shy and I enjoy talking to anybody who shows a little curiosity. Through my job I get to meet many different kinds of people, and I deal with every single age group, which is awesome (= great)! In class, I always try to teach practical things. I think this is why students enjoy my lessons. As a foreign language teacher, my job is 15 to facilitate students’ learning, and in order to do this, I must give them as many examples as possible while making them talk as much as they can. It’s a challenging job because Chinese students are not used to opening their mouths and giving their own points of view on things, but it is also very rewarding when it works.In addition, I get to tell my students about where I grew up in Europe; and I can share stories from my experience back in the States and Australia. Since students who take IELTS want to go overseas, they usually have lots of questions about life abroad. On top of this, as a teacher, I appreciate the fact that students in China are hardworking and well-disciplined: it makes my job much easier. It sounds natural for young students to behave, but actually it’s not the case anymore in most Western countries. 6. Where did you study? I got a Master’s in Education from the University of Lyon III. I studied there for 5 years, and I got to go on exchange at the prestigious University of Pennsylvania as a junior in college. This was another turning point in my life. You know, an Ivy League school, excellent teachers and classmates.It was an invaluable privilege for the young student that I was.I majored in American History and Literature there. PART 2 Tell me about your experience as an English learner. .Started in middle school: lots of grammar+reciting words .Went to the US at the age of 15:exchange program for one year: Rotary Club · Small town: immersed in English+no Internet+limited international phone calls .Took 3 months to get used to speaking and reacting English=started dreaming in English · The importance of making friends with locals+practice. If you have to speak, you will! Okay, well, I started learning English at the age of 11 when I entered middle school in France.I clearly remember my first English teacher. She was a young lady who had just graduated from a teachers’ college but she was extremely patient and clear in her explanations. As a result, I enjoyed studying this foreign language immediately. For the first two years, we did a lot of grammar, and of course we had to recite a lot of words in order to build up our vocabulary. I have always been good at learning things by heart, so I guess it was not a big problem for me, and my results were quite satisfactory in her class. I studied English conscientiously all the way through school, because it seemed to come naturally, you know, pretty easily to me. At 15,my mother encouraged me to present myself at an interview with my school’s headmaster in order to apply for a position as an exchange student in America. Although I was the youngest candidate at school, the 16 principal picked me. And before I could realize it, I was on my way to Washington State, in northwestern U.S.The program was sponsored by the Rotary Club. I ended up in a small town of 5 thousand people called Colville. And it’s definitely the best thing that has ever happened to me. I was immersed in American culture and language for a whole year, and it was without a doubt an eye-opening experience. At the time in 1997, we didn’t have the Internet, and making international phone calls cost a lot of money, so I barely spoke French for a whole year, and my English improved dramatically. I was speaking English on a daily basis, and it took me 3 months to fully get used to communicating in this language and to reacting in English. I got there late in August, and in December I stopped looking up words in the dictionary, and that’s about when I also started dreaming in English. I would recommend that anyone who’s going to study overseas join some local sports teams and other social organizations in order to make friends and get to use the language as much as possible. They say that practice makes perfect, but I disagree:practice makes… improvement. But it’s the only way to get considerably better. We all learn a language if we HAVE TO speak it and even a simple-minded person will learn if he or she has no other choice but to use the language. Later on, I came back to France and decided to specialize in English and education. Because I had acquired all the foundations in the U.S.,I was able to concentrate on more specific vocabulary and to work on my writing style. It’s always difficult to speak a language perfectly well, and there is always more to learn, but it’s definitely possible to learn enough to keep a conversation going. I guess that’s what IELTS is all about. 17 10 Strategies for the IELTS Speaking Test 雅思口语考试十大攻略 1 Rule #1:Don’t Be Boring! 第一法则:切勿枯燥乏味! 2 Rule #2:Describe!Give details! 第二法则:描述!给出细节! 3 Rule #3:Develop+Connect! 第三法则:拓展+关联! 4 How to Prepare 如何备考 5 Know What to Expect from the Test 了解雅思口试都考些什么 6 Be Clear about How the Examiner Will Assess Your Level 清楚考官如何评估你的水平 7 Learn how to plan for Part 2 学习如何构思口试的第二部分 8Three Language Tips 三个语言技巧 9 Master the Most Useful Words for the Test 掌握口试最实用的词 10 Avoid Some Common Mistakes 避免常犯的错误 18 1 Rule #1:Don’t Be Boring! 第一法则:切勿枯燥乏味! 1.The speaking module of the test is based on communication. 口语考试的基点是交流。 Keep the conversation going. Whenever you talk to somebody, you like to have your questions answered fully, don’t you? Well, here it is the same, except that you are the one answering questions this time: questions about yourself or things that you have experienced. GIVE YOUR POINT OF VIEW. ...
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