Unformatted text preview: 雅思口语百科全书 IELTS
Ideas and Examples for IELTS Speaking Jeremy Chiron 编著 北京语言大学出版社
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I.①雅…II .①希…M. WELTS 一口语一自学
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当 Jeremy 独自在非洲旅行、挑逗大草原狮子的时候，我正坐在办
2011 年 2 月 3 Foreword
Having taught IELTS in China for four years already, I’m here to help you understand
that the IELTS speaking test is not as complicated as people seem to think. My aim with this
book is to give you as many examples as possible (some kind of cheat-notes) to give you
ideas on how YOU could answer the questions when your turn comes to face the examiner.
In writing, I would tell you: in this instructional textbook you will surely find that you
won’t need to recite a plethora of inexorably difficult words in order to achieve well on the
exam. However, in speaking it means that you must keep things clear and simple-you don’t
need to use so many difficult words when you speak English!
Before you start reading the numerous examples for Part 1,2 and 3, it is essential that
you read the Strategies section of this book as it will lay down the rules and explain to you
what you must do and what you must avoid doing during the test.
Depending on your level, some answers might be too long for you but you can select
parts of the answer, steal some ideas, and then make them your own.
Remember that the IELTS speaking test is based on communication, which means that
you need to be interesting and clear. Don’t use words you are not extremely familiar with.
“I understand the question but I don’t know what to say!”= Too many students in my
classes tell me they don’t know what they could say to express themselves (especially in Part
2 and 3). This book will give you many suggestions on what you could say as well as show
you how to fully develop your answers. The result is that you .will finally be able to express
your ideas like a native English speaker would.
Remember, however, DO NOT RECITE the answers that are given to you in this book.
You might want to learn one or two sentences because they are well-put-together, but the idea is
for you to read the answers offered in the book, think about the meaning, and then create your
I am sure you will find this book useful while preparing for the IELTS test.
I hope you can enjoy studying and improving your English as much as I took pleasure
in writing this book.
Remember that practice makes ... improvement. Wishing you all the success you
Best from Jeremy Chiron 4 前言
在中国教授雅思课程已有 4 个年头了，在此我想告诉大家雅思口
Jeremy Chiron 5 Acknowledgements
Thanks to every student who joined my classes and provided the idea for this book. I
enjoy teaching IELTS because it is fascinating to hear what you have to say about life
in China. I’d also like to thank Liu Hongbo and Li Ran from Beijing IELTS for making the
publishing of this book possible, and Anne Meredith for going over my writing and
providing her American perspective and expertise on this project. I want to thank my parents who have always supported me and encouraged me to be
curious and spontaneous. I now want to encourage my students to do the same. An
affectionate thank to Tang Xiaojiao who has played a very important role in my life
in China, especially during the creation of this book.. Although I’ve nearly forgotten, I’ve been reminded to offer a particular word of
gratitude to my dearest Sugar. Your devotion and support have comforted me in the
lengthy process of publishing this book, and your sassy quick-wit will undoubtedly
be an inspiration for my next edition. I would not dream of completing it without
you. The opinions expressed in the sample answers are not necessarily my own or even
similar to my own. Good luck to all the students who strongly desire to improve their English. Jeremy Chiron 6 Contents 目 录
Who Is the Author of This Book?-An Overview of the IELTS Speaking Test
作者简介—雅思口试（第一、二部分）概览 1 10 Strategies for the IELTS Speaking Test
雅思口语考试十大攻略 5 1 Rule #1：Don’t Be Boring! 第一法则：切勿枯燥乏味！ 6 2 Rule #2: Describe! Give Details! 第二法则：描述！给出细节！ 8 3 Rule #3: Develop＋Connect！第三法则：拓展＋关联！ 10 4 How to Prepare 如何备考 12 5 Know What to Expect from the Test 了解雅思口试都考些什么 16 6 Be Clear about How the Examiner Will Assess Your Level 清楚考官如何评估你的水平 18 7 20 Learn How to Plan for Part 2 学习如何构思口试的第二部分 8 Three Language Tips 三个语言技巧 23 9 25 Master the Most Useful Words for the Test 掌握口试最实用的词 10 Avoid Some Common Mistakes 避免常犯的错误 27 QuestionType 口语问题的种类 31 1 Do You Like…？ 32 2 How Often…？ 35 3 How Important...？ 38 4 Do You Think...？ 41 5 Why…？(Causes) 44 6 What Effects…？(Results) 47 7 Compare…(Advantages and Disadvantages) 50 8 How Could…？(Solutions) 53 9 How Might...？(Possibilities in the Future) 56 7 Part 1 of the IELTS Speaking Test
1 Yourself 59
60 2 Your Family 63 3 Your Hometown 66 4 Your Home 69 5 Your Studies 72 6 Your Work 75 7 Food 78 8 The Weather 80 9 Your Hobbies 82 10 Sports 84 11 Music 86 12 Shopping 88 13 Reading 90 14 Writing 92 15 Newspapers 94 16 TV and Films 96 17 Computers 99 18 Nature 101 19 Pollution 103 20 Traveling 105 21 Languages 108 22 Festivals 110 23 Going Overseas 112 24 Your Future 114 Part 2 and Part 3 of the IELTS Speaking Test
1 People 117 Your Best Friend 118 A Classmate 120 8 A Happy Person 122 A Smart Person 124 A Famous Person 126 A Famous Foreigner 128 A Person in History 130 A Leader 132 A Person You Would Like to Interview 134 A Neighbor 135 A Successful Person 135 A Leader You Admire (= A Person in History) 136 A Person You Would Like to Interview 136 2 Family 137 Your Father 138 Your Grandfather (=An Old Person You Know) 140 A Person Who Has Greatly Influenced You 142 A Person Who Has Helped You 144 Something Your Family Has Kept for a Long Time 146 A Family Photo 146 3 Personality 147 Something Good about Your Personality 148 One or Two Bad Habits that You Have 150 Something Good about Your Personality 152 4 Places 153 A Place Abroad Where You Would Like to Live 154 A House You Have Visited 156 A Quiet Place 158 A Library 160 Your Ideal House 162 5 Your Hometown 163 Your Hometown 164 A Place of Interest in Your City 166 9 A Modem Building in Your Hometown 168 The Best Parts of Your Hometown 170 A Place You Have Visited 170 6 Traveling 171 A Holiday You Have Taken 172 A Trip You Would Like to Take 174 A Historic Site 176 An Educational Visit 178 A Walk You Particularly Enjoyed 180 A Place You Would Like to Visit 182 A Place You Would Like to Visit 183 A Place Near Water You Have Visited 183 A Trip that Did Not Go as Well as Expected 184 A Three-Day Holiday You Would Like to Take 184 7 Celebrations 185 A Birthday 186 A Wedding 188 A Festival (Chinese New Year) 190 A Festival (Dragon Boat Festival) 191 A Foreign Festival 192 A Gift You Received 194 A Party You Would Like to Organize 196 A Gift You Gave to Someone 196 8 Childhood 197 A Child You Know 198 A Toy You Enjoyed in Your Childhood 200 A Group Activity You Enjoyed as a Child 202 A Childhood Song You Remember 204 A Happy Childhood Memory 206 A Toy You Had in Your Childhood 208 A Game You Played in Your Childhood 208 10 9 Life Experience 209 An Important Stage of Your Life 210 An Enjoyable Stage of Your Life 212 A Habit that Influences Your Life 214 An Important Conversation You Have Had 216 Some Good News You Received by Phone 218 A Great Change that Occurred at Some Point in Your Life 220 A Success You Have Had 220 A Piece of Advice You Received 221 A Piece of Good News You Received 221 A Time When You Were Extremely Busy 222 10 Studies 223 A School You Attended at Some Point in Your Life 224 A Teacher You Have Had 226 A Subject You Enjoyed Studying at Secondary School 228 Something You Would Like to Learn 230 A Science Lesson or Experiment 232 A Skill You Recently Learned 234 A Group Activity You Successfully Took Part in 236 A Language You Would Like to Learn 238 Someone Who Helped You Improve Your English 241 A Short Course You Have Taken or Would Like to Take 241 Something that Helped You Improve Your English 242 A Second Language You Would Like to Learn 242 11 Reading and Writing 243 An Important Letter You Received 244 A Postcard You Received 245 A Book You Have Read 248 A Story You Have Heard 250 A Book You Might Like to Write 252 An Important Letter You Received 253 An Important Letter You Wrote 253 11 A Book You Read and Would Like to Read Again 254 12 Media 255 A Website You Often Visit 256 A Newspaper You Often Read 258 An Interesting Piece of News You Recently Heard about 260 A TV Program You Like 262 An Advertisement that Influenced You to Buy Something 264 A Speech You Have Heard 266 A Website You Often Visit 267 A Newspaper You Often Read 267 A TV Program You Dislike 268 An Advertisement that Influenced You to Buy Something 268 13 Technology 269 A Technological Item You Own (Phone) 270 A Technological Item You Own (Computer) 272 Something Expensive You Would Like to Buy 274 14 Money 275 The Role Money Plays in Your Life 276 What Would You Do with One Million Dollars? 278 15 The Future 281 A Change You Would Like to Make in Your Life in the Future 282 A Leisure Activity You Would Like to Start Doing 284 A Job You Would Be Good at 286 A Change that Might Occur in Your Life in the Future 288 A Job You Would Love to Have in the Future 288 16 Business 289 A Restaurant You Like 290 A Small Shop You Often Go to 292 A Company Someone You Know Works for
An Organization 295
296 12 17 Transport 297 A Vehicle You Would Like to Buy 298 A Traffic Jam You Experienced 300 A Form of Transport You Enjoy Using (Bike) 302 A Form of Transport You Enjoy Using (Plane) 304 18Pollution 305 A Polluted Place 306 A Form of Pollution in Your City 308 19 The Weather 311 Your Favorite Season 312 The Weather in Your Hometown 314 Snow 316 20Clothes 317 An Item of Clothing You Wear on Special Occasions 318 A Traditional Item of Clothing in Your Country 320 A Uniform 322 21 Food 325 Someone Who Is Good at Cooking 326 A Special Meal You Ate 328 A Health Problem 330 A Picnic or a Meal You Ate Outside 332 22Sports 333 An Exciting Sport You Play or Watch 334 Something You Do that Is Good for Your Health 336 Something You Do to Relax 338 Someone Who Won a Competition 340 A Sports Competition 340 23 Art 341 A Famous Sculpture 342 A Work of Art You Have Seen or Heard about 344 13 A National Art Form 346 A Performance You Enjoyed Watching 348 A Movie You Recently Watched 350 Something You Made by Hand 352 A Family Photo 352 24 Music 353 A Song You Enjoy 354 A Public Event You Took Part in 356 A Childhood Song You Remember 358 A Famous Singer in Your Country 359 A Piece of Music or a Song that You Particularly Enjoy 360 25 Animals 361 A Wild Animal 362 A Domesticated Animal 364 A Bird 366 26 China 367 A Public Event You Took Part in 368 Agriculture in China 370 How to Treat Your Friends Who Visit You 372 A Controversial Issue in Your Country 374 A Product Your Country or Region Is Famous for 376 14 Who Is the Author of This Book?
—An Overview of the IELTS Speaking
Test (Part 1& 2)
1. What’s your name please?
My name is Jeremy Chiron; it is spelled C-H-I-R-O-N. 2. Where do you come from?
I was born and raised in a small town located in central France, about one hour outside
the city of Lyon. To give you a better idea, from Paris, Lyon is a five-hour drive south,
towards Switzerland. My area is a quiet region, with vineyards covering the hills. It’s very
peaceful. It usually makes Chinese people smile when I tell them my hometown only counts
800 people. 3. Do you work?
Yes, absolutely. I’ve been a teacher here in China for the past 4 years. Wow, 4 years
already! It’s hard to believe how time flies! I work in a training center called Beijing IELTS,
and obviously I teach students how to get ready for this test. I usually teach the speaking part
of IELTS, but occasionally I help students with their writing too. 4. How long have you been a teacher?
I’ve been teaching for 5 years now. As I told you: 4 years in China. I’ve worked in
different training schools and also 2 years at Fujian Normal University. And before coming to
Fuzhou, I was working as a French teacher in Australia. I spent a year teaching both primary
and high-school French in Perth, Western Australia. It was a wonderful first experience in
a picturesque background. Perth is such a stunning city! The school where I used to work
overlooked pristine beaches. It was hard for students to focus! 5. Why do you like your job?
I guess I was born to teach. I am not shy and I enjoy talking to anybody who shows a
little curiosity. Through my job I get to meet many different kinds of people, and I deal with
every single age group, which is awesome (= great)! In class, I always try to teach practical
things. I think this is why students enjoy my lessons. As a foreign language teacher, my job is 15 to facilitate students’ learning, and in order to do this, I must give them as many examples as
possible while making them talk as much as they can. It’s a challenging job because Chinese
students are not used to opening their mouths and giving their own points of view on things,
but it is also very rewarding when it works．In addition, I get to tell my students about where I
grew up in Europe; and I can share stories from my experience back in the States and Australia.
Since students who take IELTS want to go overseas, they usually have lots of questions about life
abroad. On top of this, as a teacher, I appreciate the fact that students in China are hardworking
and well-disciplined: it makes my job much easier. It sounds natural for young students to behave,
but actually it’s not the case anymore in most Western countries. 6. Where did you study?
I got a Master’s in Education from the University of Lyon III. I studied there for 5 years,
and I got to go on exchange at the prestigious University of Pennsylvania as a junior in
college. This was another turning point in my life. You know, an Ivy League school, excellent
teachers and classmates．It was an invaluable privilege for the young student that I was．I
majored in American History and Literature there. PART 2
Tell me about your experience as an English learner.
．Started in middle school: lots of grammar＋reciting words
．Went to the US at the age of 15：exchange program for one year: Rotary Club
· Small town: immersed in English＋no Internet＋limited international phone calls ．Took 3 months to get used to speaking and reacting English＝started dreaming
· The importance of making friends with locals＋practice. If you have to speak,
Okay, well, I started learning English at the age of 11 when I entered middle school
in France．I clearly remember my first English teacher. She was a young lady who had
just graduated from a teachers’ college but she was extremely patient and clear in her
explanations. As a result, I enjoyed studying this foreign language immediately. For the first
two years, we did a lot of grammar, and of course we had to recite a lot of words in order to
build up our vocabulary. I have always been good at learning things by heart, so I guess it
was not a big problem for me, and my results were quite satisfactory in her class．
I studied English conscientiously all the way through school, because it seemed to
come naturally, you know, pretty easily to me. At 15，my mother encouraged me to present
myself at an interview with my school’s headmaster in order to apply for a position as
an exchange student in America. Although I was the youngest candidate at school, the 16 principal picked me. And before I could realize it, I was on my way to Washington State, in
northwestern U.S．The program was sponsored by the Rotary Club.
I ended up in a small town of 5 thousand people called Colville. And it’s definitely the
best thing that has ever happened to me. I was immersed in American culture and language
for a whole year, and it was without a doubt an eye-opening experience. At the time in
1997, we didn’t have the Internet, and making international phone calls cost a lot of money,
so I barely spoke French for a whole year, and my English improved dramatically.
I was speaking English on a daily basis, and it took me 3 months to fully get used to
communicating in this language and to reacting in English. I got there late in August, and in
December I stopped looking up words in the dictionary, and that’s about when I also started
dreaming in English.
I would recommend that anyone who’s going to study overseas join some local sports
teams and other social organizations in order to make friends and get to use the language as
much as possible. They say that practice makes perfect, but I disagree：practice makes…
improvement. But it’s the only way to get considerably better. We all learn a language if
we HAVE TO speak it and even a simple-minded person will learn if he or she has no other
choice but to use the language.
Later on, I came back to France and decided to specialize in English and education.
Because I had acquired all the foundations in the U.S．，I was able to concentrate on more
specific vocabulary and to work on my writing style. It’s always difficult to speak a language
perfectly well, and there is always more to learn, but it’s definitely possible to learn enough
to keep a conversation going. I guess that’s what IELTS is all about. 17 10 Strategies
for the IELTS Speaking Test
雅思口语考试十大攻略 1 Rule #1：Don’t Be Boring！
第一法则：切勿枯燥乏味！ 2 Rule #2：Describe！Give details！
第二法则：描述！给出细节！ 3 Rule #3：Develop＋Connect!
第三法则：拓展＋关联！ 4 How to Prepare
如何备考 5 Know What to Expect from the Test
了解雅思口试都考些什么 6 Be Clear about How the Examiner Will Assess Your Level
清楚考官如何评估你的水平 7 Learn how to plan for Part 2
学习如何构思口试的第二部分 8Three Language Tips
三个语言技巧 9 Master the Most Useful Words for the Test
掌握口试最实用的词 10 Avoid Some Common Mistakes
避免常犯的错误 18 1 Rule #1:Don’t Be Boring！
1．The speaking module of the test is based on communication.
Keep the conversation going. Whenever you talk to somebody, you like to have your
questions answered fully, don’t you? Well, here it is the same, except that you are the one
answering questions this time: questions about yourself or things that you have experienced.
GIVE YOUR POINT OF VIEW．
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