2Brown v. Board of Education 1954Linda Brown, age 7, from Topeka, Kansas Traveled by foot bus 21 blocks to her all-black elementary school Had to walk through a train yard There was an all-white school 7 blocks away Her father sued after the principal of the white school wouldnt allow her to attend 200 plaintiffs from three states the District of Columbia were represented in the case Thurgood Marshall, chief legal counsel for the NAACP, represented the plaintiffs3Supreme Court DecisionWe come to the question presented Does segregation of public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other tangible factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does. To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone. We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. -Earl Warren 4ReactionsCongressmen provide conflicting viewpoints on school desegregation 5Map of School Desegregation 1964The decision did not bring public school segregation to an immediate end. In 1955, the Supreme Court issued a second ruling, calling for the integration of schools with all deliberate speed. In 1964, less than 11 of African American students in 17 southern states and DC were attending integrated schools. Thurgood Marshall discusses how long he thinks integration will take place. 6Little Rock Crisis 1957 In 1957, 75 African American students filled out applications to enter Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.