School & Law Finance ProjectBy: Maldenna Alexander6/26/2019
1.Individuals with Disabilities2.Discrimination in Employment3.Teacher Freedoms4.School Desegregation5.Religion and the Public Schools6.Need for Adequate Funding7.Sources of Revenue8.Accounting and Auditing9.Business Aspects of the School Community10. The Road Ahead in School FinanceOutline of Slides
Individuals with Disabilities•“Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 (IDEA)•Mandatory Requirements•IDEA succeeded Public Law 94-142, to the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975.•The IDEA essentially guarantees a disabled child, ages 3 to 21, the right to a free, appropriate education in public schools.•This act also establishes substantiveand procedural due process rights.Individual educational program should include the following: •A statement detailing the child’s present level of educational performance •A statement of annual goals, as well as short-term instructional objectives•A description of specific educational services to be provided and a determination as to whether the child is able to participate in regular educational programs•A description of transitional services to be rendered if the child is a junior or senior in high school, to ensure that necessary services are provided when the child leaves the regular school environment•A description of services to be provided and a timetable for providing these services •An explanation of relevant criteria and procedures to be employed annually to determine if instructional objectives are or have been achieved. Education-Related Service Requirement•A related service is viewed as one that must be provided to allow the disabled child to benefit from special education.•A related services may be a single service or an entire range of services or programs needed to benefit the child. •Examples of such services include, but are not limited to the following: transportation, medical services,counseling services, psychological services, physical therapy, speech pathology, audiology, and occupational therapy. •Inclusion is an extension of the traditional concept of mainstreaming.•Its intent is to ensure as much as possible, and when appropriate, that disabled children be placed in regular classrooms.”Essex, N.L. (2016). School Law and the Public Schools: A Practical Guide for Educational Leaders (6thEdition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
“Disciplining Students with Disabilities•It has long been held that disabled children may not be punished for conduct that is a manifestationof their disability. •However, disabled students may be disciplined by school authorities for any behavior which is not associated with their disability using regular disciplinary procedures.