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SOCPSY 1Z03 Dr. Sarah Clancy (31/05/17) An Introduction to Social Psychology C01 LECTURE 7: GROUP PROCESSES: COHESION AND CONFORMITY Understanding Groups - A group consists of two or more individuals and has the following traits (Delamater et al., 3025: 440): - Diad, triad o (1) Persons are recognized as part of the group Something that identifies us o (2 ) Interaction Basis of why they are formed to begin with (achieve a common goal) o (3) Shared goals Reps: Make WW great for incoming first years o (4) Shared norms and values Have subgroups emerging, differences in norms and values will form different groups Large population, but separate groups, still part of larger group, but different shared norms - Ideal number for interaction: o More people = more relationships Doesn’t mean they are quality or strong realtionship, but bridges a web o More people = less intimacy Quality: we could have 500 people as Facebook friends, how many of them are we close too - Groups are not all made equally, however (Rohall et al., 2014:46-47): o ‘Power’ Is relational and exists on principle of difference Group leader, there is some difference, someone has less or more power, power differential, more power Whoever is on top can control whatever is going on o ‘ Status’ Also relational and exists on principle of difference Age, ethnicity, race, gender Status on group, will be related to traits, who is better at doing this task versus another task Subjective because dependent on situation o ‘Justice’ Involves “social comparison” (Rohall et al., 2014:47) Difficult to change, or inequality, to understand this basis, there is something we can’t avoid or change Within groups: how power is unequally distributed o ‘Legitimacy’ Is this power/position, etc., established and viewed as it should? Maybe it happened over time à if someone doesn’t agree with power distribution then may override it Everything is subjected to change Status Expectations and Status Generalization - Diffuse status characteristics: Provide assumptions about competence (Delamater et al., 2015: 475) o Competency in a specific domain: - Specific status characteristics refers to ideas about competence within a specific task domain (e.g., math ability, athleticism) (ibid:475) 1 Downloaded by Roman Czupiel ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3870042
SOCPSY 1Z03 Dr. Sarah Clancy (31/05/17) An Introduction to Social Psychology C01 o Being an athlete: (traits we assume goes with this stats or role): - Status generalization refers to how the different statuses we hold both in and outside of a group can impact our status o Our role is that of a student, how much does that role carry forth in who we are as a student after class Group Cohesion - Group cohesion refers “to the extent to which
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