History Final .docx - Modernity(19th 20th Century u25cf...

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Modernity-(19th + 20th Century)Political Ideologies Capitalism -Adam Smith -laissez faire pg.386Wealth of Nations (1776)championed free, unregulated markets and capitalist enterpriseCommunism - classKarl Marx - wrote the Communist Manifesto(1848) -GermanFriedrich Eagles - created MArxism with KArl MArxa.Criticized Capitalism: The work Increases, the wage Decreases b.Capitalism alienates us from the social character of our labor- in capitalism, workers do not express themselves they are FORCED to work for WAGES. c.Alienated from Society as whole - alienated from the social aspect of General Economy d.Dehumanizing and Oppressive - Capitalism will always lead to exploitation e.Soviet communism 1.rejected “false consciousness”- idea that people can transform the system from within2.Voluntarism: people create conditions for revolutionCommunist Manifesto main THEMEs: 1.Prescriptive Method- action is needed (THIS WAS USED BY LENIN)-Overthrow ALL social conditions - UNITE ALL WORKING MEN2.Critical Theory - Capitalism will fall on its own (this is what we are interested in - Mode of Production) a.Production is a Social Process- how PRODUCTion is organized,is how the society is organized (oppressive? Then society will also be oppressive)b.THE DIALECTIC - pushes people down a path that is marked by progressc.Super Structure- influential in entire governmental system supports mode of production and order of capitalismFall of Soviet Communism- Leninism , Stalinism , BrezhnevBread and Wood System - OPEC - floods with petroleum dollars.Brezhnev - open deals with OPEC -GOULASH COMMUNISM FISCAL CRISIS- interest rates on OPEC rise, food prices roseDemocracyJohn Locke -An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. The mind is a blank space. We are not born with an original sin.
Fascism- goal: strong centralized stateEconomically - it suspects the free marketPolitically - critical of DemocracyNazism - goal: Master RACE - the nationUse of Pseudoscience, specifically EugenicsA.Robert Proctor: The destructive use of technology (way of killing people sufficiently)B.Anti Semitism- single out Jews, mesure what makes Nazis (scientifically)C.Extreme NAtionalism !!!! - national community based on race.Anti Intellectualism(Nazis don’t think, they act)Hitler was elected through Parliament (legal rise)Most germans belong on the land. Necessary evil: capitalismNatalist policy- give birth as much as possibleTake down: Soviet UnionFinal Solution: exterminate JewsLiberalism -equality and freedomEmbedded Liberalism Fordism -economic industrialization and mass production of standardized products ---SUPPLY & DEMANDFlexible Accumulation : DAVID Harvey from CUNYRests on flexibility , new ways of production, markets, services,where workers have to UPDATE their skills TIME & Space Compression - parts for products are made in dif.

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