Ch11.docx - Prime yourself for your Tests – Study Questions Chapter 11 Brunner Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing 13th Edition MULTIPLE

Ch11.docx - Prime yourself for your Tests – Study...

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Prime yourself for your Tests – Study Questions Chapter 11 Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing 13 th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. You are providing care for an 82-year-old man whose signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease have become more severe over the past several months. The man tells you that he can no longer do as many things for himself as he used to be able to do. What factor should you recognize as impacting your patient’s life most significantly? A) Neurologic deficits B) Loss of independence C) Age-related changes D) Tremors and decreased mobility Ans: B Feedback: This patient’s statement places a priority on his loss of independence. This is undoubtedly a result of the neurologic changes associated with his disease, but this is not the focus of his statement. This is a disease process, not an age-related physiological change. 2.A gerontologic nurse practitioner provides primary care for a large number of older
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Prime yourself for your Tests – Study Questions adults who are living with various forms of cardiovascular disease. This nurse is well aware that heart disease is the leading cause of death in the aged. What is an age-related physiological change that contributes to this trend? A)Heart muscle and arteries lose their elasticity.B)Systolic blood pressure decreases.C)Resting heart rate decreases with age.D)Atrial-septal defects develop with age.Ans:AFeedback: The leading cause of death for patients over the age of 65 years is cardiovascular disease. With age, heart muscle and arteries lose their elasticity, resulting in a reduced stroke volume. As a person ages, systolic blood pressure does not decrease, resting heart rate does not decrease, and the aged are not less likely to adopt a healthy lifestyle. 3. An occupational health nurse overhears an employee talking to his manager about a 65- year-old coworker. What phenomenon would the nurse identify when hearing the employee state, “He should just retire and make way for some new blood.”?
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Prime yourself for your Tests – Study Questions Ageism refers to prejudice against the aged. Intolerance is implied by the employee’s statement, but the intolerance is aimed at the coworker’s age. The employee’s statement does not raise concern about dependence. The prejudice exhibited in the statement is very specific.
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