LABOR WORK STUDIES FINAL STUDY GUIDE.pdf - •​Collective Bargaining •​What is it The process where employees gather together as a group and have


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Collective Bargaining What is it? The process where employees gather together as a group and have an individual or panel fight/bargain for wages, benefits, etc for the group as a whole. A group arguing in part of a larger group. Discuss better wages and workers conditions. It either ends in settlement, lockout or strike. What’s the process? Think of our collective bargaining exercise in class. Both sides have representatives and create a panel that meets to discuss what both parties want, ideally ends in agreement. Can turn into a strike or lockout What if Collective Bargaining Does Not Result in a Contract? Third Party Intervention: Fact-Finding, Mediation, Arbitration Strike Lock-Out Decertification Justice for Janitors In the 70s and 80s, hotels owners were hiring contractors to hire the actual staff which made it harder to unionize and make contracts. If any of the contractors (middle men) agreed to contracts, the hotel owners would fire the contractors and replace them. There were lots of immigrant workers. The way they were finally able to get better wages and benefits was by having strikes, protest, outside of the buildings. They got lots of media attention when LAPD were recorded hitting some of the strikers, including a pregnant woman who had a miscarriage. Public was outraged and because of the pressure put on the hotel owners, they agreed to a contract. They had really good comprehensive campaigns that got a lot of attention. The whole turkey thing of giving big buildings/companies awards for being the worst
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towards their cleaning staff. Or the hotel housekeepers bringing the beds and what not into the streets to protest. 1950s-1970s: unionized cleaning contractors, expanding pool of work, rising pay and benefits 1980s: large nonunion sector, corporate owners, building boom. Fissured workplace- wages drop by almost 50% during 80s Day Labor Approximately 117,600 workers are either looking for day-labor jobs or working as day-laborers Almost entirely male (98%) Overwhelmingly undocumented (75%) Mostly Latino (80%), 60% from Mexico Relatively young and single (Mean age is 34) Many recently arrived (20% < 1 year) Unemployed and eager for work Working and unemployed poor Working Day Labor Employers homeowners/renters (49%) Residential construction contractors (43%) Mainly manual-labor jobs Construction, painting, landscaping, etc More than two-thirds hired repeatedly by the same employer (69%) Sole source of income (83%) Most search for work full time Wages and Earnings (2004) 46% between $10-$11.99 25% between $12 or more 22% between $7.01- $9.99 Daily Indignities/ Employee Abuse (last two months) Wages and Earnings Wage Theft (49%) Worked extra hours (32%) Workplace abuses Denied food, water breaks (44%) Insulted (28%)
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Abandoned at worksite (27%) Violence (18%) Merchant abuse at or near hiring sites Called police (24%) Insulted (19%) Refused services (14%) Threatened (9%) Right-to-Work
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