WPC_assignment 7.docx - Alison Klevens [email protected] Assignment#7*Audience = general public*Objective = educate on controversies surrounding disorder

WPC_assignment 7.docx - Alison Klevens [email protected]

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Alison Klevens [email protected] Assignment #7 Subject – DSM-IV to DSM-V: Moving from subcategories of Autism to the spectrum approach “If you have met one person with Autism, you have met one person with Autism.” Until 2013, Autism and Asperger’s were considered two distinct, but related diagnoses based on criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)– and they still should be. The shift in 2013 from the DSM-IV to the DSM-V created the term “Autism Spectrum” (ASD) as an umbrella term for a variety of more symptom-related neurological developmental disorders. Most notably, the high-functioning diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome was eliminated and those individuals simply represent the higher end of a spectrum. Despite the vast prevalence of the disorder (1 in 59 children), every single case of ASD is unique in symptom and behavioral manifestations. This lack of homogeneity is a defining characteristic of ASD and contributes to how little is known about the epidemiology. Separate diagnoses of Asperger’s and Autism was a way to sort patterns of symptoms. The DSM-IV had Asperger’s as a subcategory of Autistic Disorder; the two overlap but deserve specific diagnoses. Individuals with Asperger’s have many of the same deficits as those with
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  • Summer '14
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