lesson3atomosaristotleandalchemychemistrybeforemodernhistory-171214020003.pdf - LESSON 3 CONTENT CONTENT STANDARD LEARNING COMPETENCIES How the idea of


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CONTENT How the idea of the atom, along with the idea of the elements evolved CONTENT STANDARD At the end of the lesson, you will have to describe: 1. how the concept of the atom evolved from Ancient Greek to the present; and 2. how the concept of the element evolved from Ancient Greek to the present LEARNING COMPETENCIES At the end of the lesson, you will have to: 1. describe the ideas of the Ancient Greeks on the atom (S11/12PS-IIIa-b-5) 2. describe the ideas of the Ancient Greeks on the elements (2 hours) (S11/12PS-IIIa-b-6) 3. describe the contributions of the alchemists to the science of chemistry (S11/12PS-IIIb-7)
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KEY TERMS 1) Leucippus and Democritus - 2) Atomism 3) Aristotle 4) Jabir Ibn-Hayyan (Geber) 5) Alchemy 6) Protoscience 7) Pseudoscience
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Atoms Atoms are simply gnomes in their smallest form. So small, one can’t even see these gnomes under a microscope. Each of these itty-bitty gnomes hold hands and feet to build webs of atoms which create everything we have in our infinite universe. From drawers to doors- it’s all made of gnomes! Radioactivity arises when one unwanted gnome is thrown from his structure and hurdles toward another.
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Gravity Gnomes like the ground. Gnomes throw small invisible ropes to the ground. These ropes attach to unseen hooks that enable muscle-toned gnomes to pull themselves toward the ground. There is minimal gravity far from planetary bodies (i.e. in space) because gnomes don’t have cables long enough for them. All bodies experience gravitational attraction to each other quite simply because gnomes are, to put it mildly, sociable creatures.
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Light Gnomes that make up our eyes can see what color hats other gnomes are wearing to make up, say, a table. They then hi-five gnomes in our 'optical nerve' who run to tell the brain gnomes what they have seen. This makes us think we are seeing a table when in fact, it's all gnomes.
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States of Matter A solid is little more than a closely compacted configuration of gnomes all holding hands, wearing hats and having legs. Heating causes gnomes to become excited or tickled. They start to loosen their grip of their neighbors (liquid). When gnomes are tickled, they are no longer able to hold on and just float away in groups of one or more (gas). Sometimes the gnomes get so excited they catch fire (plasma).
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OUTLINE OF TOPICS I. Atomism II. Non-atomistic views of the Greeks III. Growth of alchemy across different civilizations IV. Western Alchemy
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Leucippus and Democritus were two of the most important theorists about the natural and physical world they were called physicists in Ancient Greece they considered the idea of atomism
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ATOMISM the idea that things are made up of much smaller things that cannot be changed nor divided.
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