CHAPTER_I_Rationale_and_Background_of_th.docx - CHAPTER I Rationale and Background of the Study Introduction Students have their own different roles and

CHAPTER_I_Rationale_and_Background_of_th.docx - CHAPTER I...

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CHAPTER I Rationale and Background of the Study Introduction Students have their own different roles and goals, and education is one of the best tools to achieve those goals. It plays a vital role in the behavioral and intellectual development of a learner. The acquisition of new knowledge, information and the way you respond to learning environment makes you a holistic learner. Moreover, good study habits largely influence the level of performance of students on school, on the other hand, according to (Oliver, 1997; Schrieber, 1998) music exposure enhances cognitive performance or academic achievement. Academic achievement is the key criterion in judging the skills, capabilities and the total potentials and it also indicates the learning outcomes of the students. It accompanies the learning outcomes of the students, knowledge attitude and design scores or test scores in every subject indicating of what area they are strong or weak. Music embodies the spirit and provides a powerful way of conveying meaning to the human heart and mind. In fact, music like language is unique to the human species (Blacking 1973) because no culture, no people or group that is without some form of musical expression, a good example are the students. Many students listen to music to alleviate the emotional effects of stress and anxiety when engaged in complex cognitive processing, such as studying for a test, completing homework assignments, or while reading and writing. This practice is so common that it would be beneficial for students to understand the role that music plays on cognitive performance. Listening to music has a two way effect depending on the student. According to Rentfrow and Gosling there are four music preference groups based on factor analysis including “Intense & Rebellious” which included rock, alternative, and heavy metal music. “Upbeat and
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Conventional” which included country, soundtrack, religious and pop music. “Energetic & Rhythmic” which included rap, funk and electronic or dance music and “Reflective and Complex” which included blues, jazz, classical and folk music (Rentfrow & Gosling, 2003) Successful studying is very important to increase knowledge and survive life’s challenges. It helps us grow mentally, intellectually or even financially in today’s world. Study habit is the way students’ study either systematically, efficiently or inefficiently. Factors have been highlighted to influence the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient study habit.
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