Music and Memory.pdf - Music Memory Music and Memory Effects of Listening to Music While Studying in College Students Lara Dodge | Senior Psychology

Music and Memory.pdf - Music Memory Music and Memory...

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203 Music and Memory: Effects of Listening to Music While Studying in College Students Lara Dodge | Senior Psychology Co-author: Professor Michael C. Mensink, Ph.D. Abstract Thirty-nine college students participated in an experiment that tested their memory for a text that they studied while in one of the three different auditory settings. Participants were randomly assigned to study a text in silence or while listening to either popular music or classical music. Previous studies have shown mixed performance effects of listening to music while studying a text. The current experiment focused on how college students enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Stout performed on a test of memory after studying a text in varying auditory environments. The results demonstrated that college students recall more content after listening to pop music or silence during study when compared to classical music. Effects of Listening to Music While Studying in College Students Studying is a common activity for college students. Students have an enormous variety of study spaces and situations to choose from, ranging from quiet study rooms to noisy coffee houses. For many students, studying informational materials typically involves some type of background noise, such as television or music. A variety of studies has investigated exactly how music affects learning and memory; with their results pointing to the notion that there are many different factors associated with how music influences how people remember information. The current paper seeks to examine this common and important issue, as listening to music while studying is a Music & Memory * Lara is in the Honors College of UW-Stout and is a McNair Scholar (Ed.).
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Journal of Student Research 204 prevalent behavior for college students. Researchers have recently examined how background music influences the important cognitive processes involved in reading. Cauchard, Cane, and Weger (2012) investigated the effects on background speech and music on the speed of the participants’ reading times via an eye tracking methodology. Specifically, they were interested in whether music or background speech would interrupt important comprehension processes while of reading as indicated by eye movements. The researchers had thirty-two University of Kent students between the ages of 18-29 years old participate in this study. Their eye movement was tracked while they read, and at random points the reading session, participants were interrupted by background speech and music. Despite the fact that some participants were interrupted during reading, most participants only slowed down and re-read the sentences that were interrupted during the noise stimulus. It was also found that there was no deleterious effects, meaning that no information was lost, during the interrupting settings. Moreover, that comprehension of materials read after the interruption was actually better compared to those results from participants that had no interruption at all.
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