哀溺文序.docx - 哀溺文序(節錄)柳宗元 一 作者簡介 柳宗元(公元

哀溺文序.docx - 哀溺文序(節錄)柳宗元 一...

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哀溺文序 (節錄) 柳宗元 作者簡介 柳宗元(公元 773—819 ),字子厚,唐代河東(今山西省永濟巿)人。貞元年間進士,曾因參與王叔文 所領導的政治改革,失敗後被貶,卒於柳州刺史任上,世稱「柳河東」或「柳柳州」。 柳宗元是唐宋古文八大家之一,與韓愈同為古文運動的倡導者。他的文章,說理之作,以嚴謹取勝;寓 言則篇幅精短,筆鋒犀利。柳宗元的山水遊記尤為著名,寫景狀物,多所寄託;他的詩也大多描寫自然山水 , 詩風與陶淵明、謝靈運相近,是唐代山水文學的表表者。 背景資料 《哀溺文》由序和正文組成,序是散文體寓言,正文是仿《楚辭》體裁的小賦。這裏是序文的一部分。 1 之氓 2 3 善游。一日,水暴甚,有五、六氓,乘小船絕 4 湘水 5 。中濟 6 ,船 破,皆游。其一氓盡力而不能尋常 7
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