REVIEW_OF_RELATED_LITERATURE.docx - REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Educational achievement of students demands urgent attention to attain their goals A


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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Educational achievement of students demands urgent attention to attain their goals. A numerous researches have been conducted to contribute to determine the predictors of educational success of college students. A research work always takes the advantages of the information and the knowledge that had been accumulated in the past as a result of constant research endeavour by mankind. According to Koul (2009) research can never be undertaken in the isolation of the work that has already been done on the problems related to the study propose by any researcher. Every researcher reviewed the related literature from the different resources that includes research journal, articles, books, magazines, encyclopedias, dissertations, abstracts, international year books, theses and most important in the present era the internet access. The detailed account of review of related literature pertaining to variables under study, namely academic achievement, parental encouragement, achievement motivation and intelligence is presented here under. 2.1 STUDIES RELATED TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT Krishnan (1977) conducted a study on non-intellectual factors and their influence on academic achievement. The sample comprised of 180 students of sixth to ninth class studying in central school Tirupati and was divided into three groups depending on their parents education as high, middle and low. The results indicated that parents educational status had significant influence on the academic achievement of their children. Saini (1977) undertook a study on academic achievement as a function of economic status and educational standard of parents. The sample consisted of 196 students from four colleges of
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Chandigarh. The findings revealed that educational standard of parents had significant effect on the academic achievement of arts and science students at the college level. Aggarwal (1983) conducted a study on reading ability in relation to some cognitive and non-cognitive factors. The sample constituted 200 male and female students selected randomly from the high schools of Bihar in India. Data were collected by administering reading ability test to the sample .The results of the study indicated that female students had better reading ability and higher academic achievement than male students. Singh and Srivastava (1983) investigated the impact of parents literacy on the academic achievement on a sample of 85 first grade and 80 fifth grade students of Punjab in India. Students scores on an achievement test were taken as measures of academic achievement of the students. The findings indicated that parents literacy had a positive relationship with younger students academic achievement. Sharma (1984) conducted a study on academic achievement of school students vis-à-vis their parents education. The sample comprised of 230 ninth class students of Punjab from whom the data for the educational level of their parents were collected and analysed. The findings revealed that parental education was
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