Part 3-English 2 (Composition) (1) (2).doc - Part 3 Revising Editing and Proofreading Writing an effective letter is almost never done all at once

Part 3-English 2 (Composition) (1) (2).doc - Part 3...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 13 pages.

Part 3 Revising, Editing, and Proofreading Writing an effective letter is almost never done all at once. Rather, it is a step-by-step process in which you take your paper through a series of stages --- from prewriting to final draft. In the first stage, you get your initial idea and impressions about the subject down on paper; you accumulate raw material . You do this through brainstorming, freewriting, and making lists and scratch outlines. In the second stage, you shape, add to, and perhaps subtract from your raw material as you take your paper through a series of two or three or four rough drafts. You work to make clear the single point of your paper, to develop fully the specific evidence needed to support the point, and to organize and connect the specific evidence. For example, perhaps in the second draft you will concentrate on adding details that will further support the main idea of your paper. At the same time you also may eliminate details that, you realize, do not truly back up your main point. And perhaps in the next draft, you will work on reorganizing the details and adding connections between sentences so that your material will hold together. In the last stage, you edit and proofread . You edit the next-to- final draft --- that is, you check it carefully for the correctness of sentence skills ---- grammar, mechanics, punctuations, and usage. Then you proofread the final copy of the paper for any typing or handwriting mistakes. Editing and proofreading are important steps that some people avoid, often because they have worked so hard (or so little) on the previous stages. Ideally, you should have enough time to set your paper aside for a while, so that you can check it later from a fresh point of view. Remember that locating and correcting sentence-skills mistakes can turn an average paper into a better one and a good paper into an excellent one. Practice in Seeing the Entire Writing Process This section will show you the stages that can be involved in writing an effective paper. You will see what one student, Gene, does in preparing a paper on his worst job. There is no single sequence that all people follow in writing a composition. However, the different stages in composing that Gene
Image of page 1
goes through in writing his paper should give you some idea of what to expect. As you’ll see, Gene does not just sit down and proceed neatly from start to middle to finish. Writing seldom works like that. Stage 1 THINKING AND PREWRITING ABOUT YOUR TOPIC In retrospect, here is what Gene says about his initial writing topic and his reaction to it: “The assignment was to write about a memorable job. I rejected several ideas; I wanted something I had strong feelings about. Then I thought of a job that I really hated, working in an apple plant. I remembered a moment when I thought I was at the end of the world. It was cold a winter morning about 5 A.M. I had just loaded apple juice all night and was now cleaning one of the apple vats. The vat was an old gasoline truck body. I was inside it, sleeping on its rounded stainless steel
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 13 pages?

  • Fall '18
  • Litvin

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors