Physics Upload.docx - Abstract The purpose of this experiment was to explore and verify ideal gas laws The ideal gas law is a physical law describing

Physics Upload.docx - Abstract The purpose of this...

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Abstract The purpose of this experiment was to explore and verify ideal gas laws. The ideal gas law is a physical law describing the relationship of the measurable properties of an ideal gas , where P (pressure) × V (volume) = n (number of moles) × R (the gas constant) × T (temperature in Kelvin). This laboratory specifically examined Boyle’s Law and Gay-Lussac’s Law. Boyle’s Law is a law stating that the pressure of a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature and it denoted mathematically as: V α 1/P. Gay-Lussac’s Law states that, for a given mass and constant volume of an ideal gas, the pressure exerted on the sides of its container is directly proportional to its absolute temperature and is denoted mathematically as: P α T. In order to verify Boyle’s Law, the temperature of gas inside a syringe was kept constant while the volume was slowly decreased manually. The syringe was connected to a pressure sensor via a tube. The Logger Pro Program “Boyle’s Law” collected the change in pressure of the gas. This data was then used to determine the number of moles of air to be 9.87*10-4 moles and number of air molecules contained in the syringe to be 5.94*1020 molecules. In order to verify Gay-Lussac’s Law, a 2-way valve was connected to the syringe and the pressure sensor. The syringe was placed into a stainless steel beaker and gradually heated via a hot plate. A temperature sensor was used to monitor the temperature change of the apparatus.
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