Lecture and Textbook notes.docx - PSYCH SOCIAL WELFARE 140M INTRO TO THE STUDY OF AGING LECTURE 1 OCTOBER 3rd 2018-Decline that occurs at the age of

Lecture and Textbook notes.docx - PSYCH SOCIAL WELFARE 140M...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.

PSYCH/ SOCIAL WELFARE 140M: INTRO TO THE STUDY OF AGING LECTURE 1, OCTOBER 3 rd , 2018 -Decline that occurs at the age of 30 -If there is no a significant change between 60 and 70, people can be healthy for approximately ten to twenty years -Women experience physical change 10 years earlier than men, but men get older much faster once they start aging -Opioid use in the United States has decreased the life expectancy Demographics: Graying of America: The population over the age of 65 is growing in the United States Population Aging: The proportion of older persons in a population increases because of persons living longer (longevity) and the proportion of children in the population decreases because of lower birthrates. In few words, is an increasing median age in the population of a region due to declining fertility rates and/or rising life expectancy Median age: The age at which half the population is older and half the population is younger. In 1820 was 17 and it is expected to be 42 years old in 2030. Cohorts: Group of people born over a particular time who thereby experience common life events during the same historical period. -Trends in birth rates, death rates, and the flow of cohorts all contribute to population aging Demographic transition theory: Points to a connection between population change and the economic process of industrialization. In pre-industrial societies, there is a generally stable population because both birthrates and death rates remain high. With industrialization, death rates tend to fall, whereas birthrates remain high for a period, and so the total population grows. But at a certain point, in advanced industrial societies, birthrates begin to fall back in line with death rates. Triangular or Early Pyramid: Each successive age group is smaller than the preceding age group. The working age population has to provide for a comparatively large population of children. Intermediate Pyramid: The age pyramid is dominated by the working age groups. Given appropriate conditions, the working age population is potentially well able to support the old and the young. (Women tend to live longer than men) Rectangular or Late Pyramid: The working-age population needs to support a large population of older people.
Image of page 1
Demographic Transition: in stages 1- High fertility rates/ high death rates 2- High fertility/ declining death rates 3- Low fertility rates / low death rates The significant shape at the bottom of the pyramid due to the baby boomers (graph from 1952). The pyramid from 2010 due to the children of the baby boomers. By 2050s, the United States is going to become more regular for the same amount of people will be over 65 as they will be 18 years old. Boomers: 1946- 1964 Generation X: 1965- mid 70 s Millennials: Also called Echo Boomers, born 1980s - 1990s Centennials: After 1996 Morbidity: Disease, median age 65-70 Mortality: Death, median age almost 90 The change of Age structure: 1900: 4.1 % of all Americans were over 65 2005: figure grew to 12.8% By 2030: Almost 1/5 (19%) of Americans will be over 65 By 2050 the number of persons over the age of 65 will almost equal
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 9 pages?

  • Spring '19
  • Andrew Hill

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors