Thinking & Intelligence fall19.pptx - THINKING INTELLIGENCE I Cognitive Psychology II Categories of Thinking III What’s"Good” Thinking IV What

Thinking & Intelligence fall19.pptx - THINKING...

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THINKING & INTELLIGENCE I. Cognitive Psychology II. Categories of Thinking III. What’s "Good” Thinking? IV. What is intelligence? V. Two big questions VI. IQ tests VII. What determines intelligence?
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I. Cognitive Psychology Branch of psych that studies how the min works Includes: How info enters the mind (e.g., sensation & perception) How we hold onto that info (e.g., memory) How we process & use that info (e.g., thinking )
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II. Categories of Thinking A. Algorithms & Heuristics Heuristics = Informal strategy; results in estimated answer Algorithm = Step-by-step procedure; guarantees right answer
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Ex: Availability Heuristic We estimate likelihood of events based on how easily they come to mi We make decisions based on that likelihood Ex: What car should I buy?
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Problem with A.H.: Affected by vividness; we overestimate statistically unlikely events when they are vivid. Ex: After terror attacks in 2015, French citizens over-estimated the Muslim population
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B. System 1 and System 2 Thinking System 1 = based on implicit/ unconscious memory System 2 = based on explicit/ conscious memory
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  • Fall '16
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