Intro to Fashion Industries.ppt - Global Overview of Textile and Apparel Industry The business of Fashion contributes significantly to the economy of

Intro to Fashion Industries.ppt - Global Overview of...

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Global Overview of Textile and Apparel Industry The business of Fashion contributes significantly to the economy of the country through wages, taxes and exports. The Industry creates large number of jobs; textile industry, leather industry, apparel production, and the other accessory and lifestyle product manufacturing industries, employ large number of people.
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Evolution of the Global Textile and Apparel Industry The development of textile sector is closely linked with the industrial revolution. In the 16 th century, cotton fabric production was a cottage industry in Britain. Later cotton fabric from India gained popularity and this led to restrictions on import of coloured cotton fabrics from India in order to develop the British Industry. Inventions in the 18 th century supported the growth of the industry. John Kay - Flying shuttle – 1733 James Hargreave Spinning jenny – 1764 Edmund Cartwright – Power loom - 1785
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By the end of the 19 th century, the British textile industry gained leadership with 70% of the world textile trade. America also had a strong presence in the world in the textile trade. The industry also grew in Japan but was destroyed during World War II. In the early fifties, Japan depended heavily on the textile industry to rebuild its economy. During the 50’s and 60’s the textile industry grew in other developing countries like Hong Kong, South Korea, India & Pakistan. The growth of the apparel industry followed that of the textile industry. Initially all garments were hand sewn either by tailors or seamstresses. With the advent of sewing machines the scenario changed and it became possible to mass produce apparels.
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1829 – Thimmonier patented the chain stitch machine 1832 – Walter Hunt designed a sewing machine but did not patent it 1846 – Elias Howe invented the hand-powered machine 1859 – Issac Singer developed the foot treadle 1867 – Singer was able to produce 1000 Singer sewing machine per day 1921 – Singer developed the electrically powered model 1850 – Ellen and William Demorest developed paper patterns. 1863 – Ibenezer Bulleuete developed the concept of grading patterns.
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Evolution of Indian Textile and Apparel Industry India’s rich textile heritage is well established. As early as 1760 BC, cotton fabrics were used in Mohenjodaro. Indian hand spun fabrics were well known for fineness and unique dyeing techniques and popular with European women as early as 16 th century. The shawls of Kashmir, the muslins of Bengal, the Ikats of Patan and Pochampalli are amongst the textiles that found a market in various parts of the world.
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India’s Industrialization mainly started with the cotton textile industry. The first cotton mill was started in 1854 by Mr. Cowasjee Davar in Bombay. Within a decade the number of mills rose to nine. The industry also grew in Calcutta, Ahmedabad, Surat and Coimbatore. Besides the mill made fabrics, India has a strong presence in the hand spun and hand woven fabrics.
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  • Spring '17
  • b.banarjee

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