Infants' Perception.docx - 45198705 – JULIE MAI Research on infants’ perception has improved exponentially over the decades and has led to a

Infants' Perception.docx - 45198705 – JULIE MAI Research...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

45198705 – JULIE MAI Research on infants’ perception has improved exponentially over the decades and has led to a dramatic change in the nature of research in infants’ perception. Infants’ perception is defined as a process in which an infant develops the ability to gain awareness and respond to external stimuli. Research on infant perception and cognition is often founded difficult due to their limited abilities in communication and motor skills. Researchers usually use laboratory based experiments and make reference to a range of physiological research methods to measure infants’ visual attention, objective performance, auditory and speech. We look into the range of different methods researchers have used to study infants’ perceptual abilities and explored some of the critiques and limitations of each method used. Robert Fantaz developed the preference method that has been known as a breakthrough in infants’ perception studies. Within this method, infants were constantly given a pair of contrasting incidents/or events and the duration of their reaction and response towards the stimuli is examined and comparisons are made. If an infant looks extensive at one of the event more than the other one, this determining a hypothesis that the infant can distinguish between the two stimuli presented in front of them. From the results, we can conclude that numerous studies have used this method to prove that infants have preference for certain things when presented to them. In Kazuki (2013)’s experiment, we use preference looking method to discover if 3-8-month- old infants can show the differences between illusory and non-illusory contour figures. Illusory contour figures are formed by radial line segments whose inward-pointing end
Image of page 1
produce the illusion of a circle or other figures. The figures often have the same color background but appears brighter. In the experiment, a physical image is made of the pacemen in a circular motion with a time difference of the speed it spins in. Non-phase difference and phase different is used in both illusory figure and non-illusory figure side by side to examine the infants’ preference to the figures. Fourteen 3-4 months old infants, fourteen 5-6 months old infants and fourteen 7-8 months old infant participated in this research method. However, 21 participants were not included in the final testing due to carelessness, failure to look at both sides and fussiness. Throughout the experiment, cameras were placed around the room to ensure that all stimuli were monitored and displayed on the CRT behind the two-way mirror screen within the room. The infants’ reactions and responses were recorded and observed through
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 7 pages?

  • One '14

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors