PSY 425. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY - MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE .docx -...

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Quiz 0. BIG PICTURE 1. Memory is a. Both A & B – a mental process & a storage system 2. We perceive everything we sense a. False 3. Both sensory and LT memories are storage systems at the level of the brain a. False 4. Which of the following mental processes gives meaning to the sensed experiences? a. Perception 5. Cognitive psychologists study cognition and memory a. True 6. Cognition refers to a. All the Above – Sensation, Perception, Attention 7. Which of the following is the correct order of the Mental processes as we discussed in class? a. Sensation; Attention; Perception; Memory 8. Where does the information gets perceived? a. Short Term Memory 9. How are sensory and long-term memory different? a. Both B & C - Sensory memory stores information transiently whereas LTM indefinitely & Sensory memory has raw information where as LTM has refined information 10. Short-term term memory is in the Brain a. True 11. Which of the following is a mental process? a. All the above – Sensation, Perception, Attention, Memory 12. What is the format in which sense organs send information to the brain? a. Electrical signal 13. Which of the following is an example of memory? a. All the above – STM, sensory memory, LTM 14. What immediately precedes perception a. attention 15. Sensation causes storage of information in sense organs as sensory memory a. True 16. Sensory receptors, which form a part of sense organs, are a. Specialized Neurons 17. The mental process of receiving, storing, and transiently retaining the information from the external world by sensory receptors is called a. Sensation 18. LTM only encodes, retains and retrieves perceived information a. True 19. According the wallet analogy discussed in class, what does the wallet refer to? a. Storage System 20. Perception can be defined as the mental process of PSY 425 – Midterm Exam Review
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a. interpreting the sensed information 21. Attention if often viewed as a a. Both A & B – mental process & mental resource Quiz 1. BASIC LANGUAGE 1. According to the in-class discussion, it is fair to say that linguists study language as a prescriptive phenomenon a. True 2. According to the discussion we had in class, what is the fifth level of analyzing language? a. Belief 3. The grammar operating at the level of sounds is called a. Phonology (Phonetics) 4. In the process of language acquisition, humans babble before they coo a. False 5. Who proposed the idea that humans are hard wired to learn language? a. Chomsky 6. The ordering of words in a sentence to show their relation to one another is a. Syntax 7. Is language unique to humans? Select the most appropriate response. a. It depends on how we define language 8. Sign language is a true language. a. True 9. Study of language at the level of meaning is often referred to as a. Semantics 10. What is True about the following utterance: "Colorless green ideas sleep furiously" a. Both B & C - It is semantically inappropriate & it is syntactically accurate 11. What first sound do humans produce in their language acquisition process?
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