Paper-CollaborationOpenAccessLaw_EN.doc - Collaboration and open access to Law How can Web 2.0 technologies help us understand the law Olivier

Paper-CollaborationOpenAccessLaw_EN.doc - Collaboration and...

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Collaboration and open access to Law: How can Web 2.0 technologies help us understand the law? Olivier Charbonneau * 1. THE CASE FOR COLLABORATION IN UNDERSTANDING THE LAW ....... 1 1.1. C OLLABORATION OR W EB 2.0 E XPLAINED .................................................... 5 1.2. E XAMPLES AND T OOLS OF W EB -B ASED C OLLABORATION ............................. 6 1.2.1. Blogs ........................................................................................................... 6 1.2.2. Wikis ........................................................................................................... 7 1.2.3. Content hosting and sharing networks ........................................................ 8 1.2.4. Social Networks ........................................................................................ 10 1.2.5. Google ...................................................................................................... 11 1.3. D EVELOPING AN ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK ................................................. 11 2. THE COLLABORATIVE DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK AND THE LAW .............................................................................................................. 14 2.1. D OCUMENTS ............................................................................................ 15 2.1.1. Primary legal documents: laws and court decisions .................................. 15 2.1.2. Other document classes ............................................................................ 17 2.1.3. Links .......................................................................................................... 18 2.2. A GENTS ................................................................................................... 21 2.2.1. Conversations or exchanges ..................................................................... 23 2.3. B ETWEEN A GENTS AND D OCUMENTS ........................................................ 24 2.3.1. Consumption ............................................................................................. 24 2.3.2. Writing ....................................................................................................... 25 3. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION ..................................................................... 26 4. Bibliography .................................................................................................... 29 Figure Figure 1 Collaborative Document Management Framework ................................ 13 * Olivier Charbonneau, Associate Librarian, Concordia University and Invited Researcher, LexUM Research Chair, Faculté de droit, Université de Montréal . This article is based on the author’s Masters thesis, written under Daniel Poulin at the Faculté de droit, Université de Montréal . The author would like to thank Concordia University for facilitating his research by granting him a research sabbatical for the 2009-2010 academic year. As well, the author would like to thank the LexUM Research Chair for the material support during his sabbatical. Olivier Charbonneau keeps a research blog, in French, at i
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Abstract With 4 billion people excluded from the Rule of Law, United-Nations Development Programs’ Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor established that a first strategy to foster access to justice and the rule of law would call on the greater dissemination of legal information and the creation of peer groups to provide self-help. This essay discusses how the global Legal Information Institute movement could employ collaborative technologies, also called Web 2.0, in light of the UNDP-CLEP’s vision. These non-profit organisations compile a free and open archive of primary legal materials, namely laws and court rulings, on the Internet. Based on current examples and technological tools from the field, we establish an analytical framework called the Collaborative Document Management Framework. The CDMF is comprised of two entities, agents and documents, that interact in four relationships: links; conversations or exchanges; consumption; and writing. We then apply this framework to the specific case of legal documentation. Acronyms Canadian Legal Information Institute CanLII Collaborative Document Management Framework CDMF Global Positioning System GPS Legal Information Institute LII United-Nations Development Programs’ Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor UNDP-CLEP ii
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Collaboration and open access to Law Olivier Charbonneau 1. The Case for Collaboration in Understanding the Law In 2008, a report from the United-Nations Development Programs’ Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor (UNDP-CLEP) found that: at least four billion people are excluded from the rule of law. It is
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