Guilford_Courthouse_Battle_Report.docx - Guilford Courthouse Battle Report Name Course Date 2 The Guilford courthouse battle was one of the major events

Guilford_Courthouse_Battle_Report.docx - Guilford...

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Guilford Courthouse Battle Report Name Course Date
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2 The Guilford courthouse battle was one of the major events during the USA’s strive to gain independence from Britain. General Nathaniel Green commandeered the American troops to an important victory during some of the most trying times during the revolution war. While his predecessors like John Glover, Henry Lee, and William Washington used an inexperienced army devoid of military expertise to outsmart the enemy, none of them played a critical part in this fight like Nathaniel Greene. Greene in the fight to secure American independence, took up a daring role in 1781 that stopped the British army under general Cornwallis from exerting more harm to the other armies like he had done to Colonel Tarleton’s regiment. Greene’s brave act sent Cornwallis and his reduced army to the south, Virginia, and in the process helped liberate Georgia and South Carolina as other allies stayed at Yorktown. John Adams reinforced many founding father’s sentiments on the role of General Greene by stating that “General Greene’s last Action . . . is quite glorious to the American Arms as the Capture of Cornwallis.” 1 This paper therefore seeks to analyze and summarize the most critical events during the Guilford Courthouse battle. After defeating Colonel Tarleton in the Battle of Cowpens, British General Lord Charles Cornwallis resorted to pursuing General Green’s presumed small army. Greene had raced through North Carolina over Dan River as he sought reinforcements before going to battle with the British regiment. As Cornwallis emerged from the Hillsborough massacre, he knew victory was around the corner. Both armies, the British’s and Americans’, shadowed each other not more than twenty miles for two weeks. While there were multiple provocations, Greene opted not to take hurried measures. At the start, the two army regiments were of the same size, however, Cornwallis battalion was more superior than Greene’s with respect to the number of regular military men. This did change with time as Greene’s “little force”
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  • Spring '13
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