Study Guide - I II 1850s Indian Genocide A Up to 16,000 native americans were murdered after CA became a state 1 Indians spoke up to 80 languages 2 1848

Study Guide - I II 1850s Indian Genocide A Up to 16,000...

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I. 1850s Indian Genocide A. Up to 16,000 native americans were murdered after CA became a state 1. Indians spoke up to 80 languages 2. 1848 CA became US properties with ending of the Mexican-American War, became a state 1850 3. Government supported eliminating Indians - “Indian Problem” a) That they were a threat to sovereignty b) Enslaving natives enshrined into law at first session of state legislature 4. Forced to labor for ranchers through at least mid 1860s a) Then sent to reservation school 5. Demographic collapse II. Alta California A. Sometimes known as Nueva California B. Alta is current California and baja is now Mexico’s territory after Mexican American War(1846-1848) and Mexico gained independence from Spain 1. Mexican War of Independence: 1810-1821 2. New era began in CA as ranch life flourished and trappers started entering 3. Mexican American War: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo C. First explorers to CA were American Indians D. Most expensive European colonizations efforts were made by spanish E. In 1542 Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo and his crew landed in San Diego Bay and called it Alta California F. Spanish colonization began with the first European settlement on Pacific coast around 1769 with Father Junipero Serra 1. Junipero Serra (Roman catholic priest in 1713-1784) a) Mission system - total 21 built to convert Indians b) Father of spanish missions c) Friar of Franciscan order (1) Franciscans would abuse the Natives and capture them “converting them” d) Sacrament : religious ceremony to anoint the sick e) Secularization : broken up and the property sold to private citizens (1) Missions were eventually not supported and were secularized (2) Mexican secularization act of 1833 : indians were not
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