Munsterberg 1908(1).pdf - ON THE WITNESS STAND ESSAYS ON PSYCHOLOGY AND CRIME BY HUGO MUNSTERBERG PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY HARVARD UNIVERSITY NEW YORK

Munsterberg 1908(1).pdf - ON THE WITNESS STAND ESSAYS ON...

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ON THE WITNESS STAND ESSAYS ON PSYCHOLOGY AND CRIME BY HUGO MUNSTERBERG PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY HARVARD UNIVERSITY NEW YORK DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & CO. MCMIX
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INTRODUCTION THEBE are about fifty psychological laboratories in the United States alone. The average educated man has hitherto not noticed this. If he chances to hear of such places, he fancies that they serve for mental healing, or telepathic mysteries, or spiritistic performances. What else can a lab oratory have to do with the mind? Has not the soul been for two thousand years the domain of the philosopher? What has psychology to do with electric batteries and intricate machines? Too often have I read such questions in the faces of visiting friends who came to the Harvard Psycho logical Laboratory in Emerson Hall and found, with surprise, twenty-seven rooms overspun with electric wires and filled with chronoscopes and kymographs and tachistoscopes and ergographs, and a mechanic busy at his work. The development of this new science could re main unnoticed because it was such a rapid one, surprising in its extent even to those who started [3]
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INTRODUCTION it. When, as a young student, I went to the Uni versity of Leipzig in the eighties of the last cen tury, the little psychological laboratory there, founded by Professor Wundt, was still the only one in the world. No Western country college would to-day be satisfied with those poor little rooms in which the master of the craft made his experiments with his few students. But since that time the Leipzig workshop has been steadily grow ing, and every year has seen the foundation of new institutes by the pupils of Wundt, and later by their pupils. The first German laboratory out side of Leipzig was the one which I founded in Freiburg just twenty years ago. At about the same time Stanley Hall and Cattell brought the work from Leipzig over the ocean. To-day there exists hardly a university which has not opened a workshop for this youngest of the natural sci ences. But more brilliant than the external expansion has been the inner growth. If the new science started in poor quarters, it was still more modest at the beginning in its outlook toward the work. Experimental psychology did not even start with [4]
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INTRODUCTION experiments of its own; it rather took its prob lems at first from the neighbouring sciences. There was the physiologist or the physician who made careful experiments on the functions of the eye and the ear and the skin and the muscles, and who got in this way somewhat as by-products interesting experimental results on seeing and hearing and touching and acting ; and yet all
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