Exam 4 Study Guide.docx - Sociology Exam 4 Study Guide Extra Credit 1 be able to draw the SI as an image 2 What is your distribution is Why

Exam 4 Study Guide.docx - Sociology Exam 4 Study Guide...

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Sociology Exam 4 Study Guide Extra Credit: 1) be able to draw the SI as an image 2) What is your distribution is? Why? Stratification **The layers of positions of power and prestige, and privilege in society** All stratification systems have 3 things in common o 1. The systems of stratification tends to be long-lasting o 2. The system of stratification is resistant to change o 3. The system is sustained by “widely accepted legitimating rationales” Rationale: if you work hard enough you’ll make it These rationales are things that the people believe are fair and just –and are worthy of ranking some people above other o **Question the rationale** Life expectancy depends on geography (ex: minimum wage, conditions, etc.) Upper layers in Stratified systems o Because of their social position get the most benefits Ex) better health, better access to healthcare, can afford good legal defenders, better education, better connections o **Inequality does matter, it determines things in your life** **Most people will die in the same social class into which they were born** Stratification Systems Caste System o A closed system. The social position into which you were born is the social position where you will die Social positions are ASCRIBED No inter-class relations/marriage **Socio economic status is calculated by debt, income, status** Estate System\ o Stratification is generally based in land ownership (Feudal: land owners, clergy, peasants). Social position is mostly ASCRIBED (determined at birth) Most accept that social position is determined by God o No marriage between folks of different estates This still exists, especially in rural areas Class System o This system followed on the heels of the estate system, & could only happen when we moved away from the land and toward industrialization (Otherwise we would have maintained stratification based on land ownership) Industrialization moved “Yes/No, Land?” to “ How much Money/Wealth?” Because people sold their work
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  • Spring '14
  • LeontinaHormel

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