w5 social cognitive theory+middle childhood.pdf - Week 5 Social Cognitive Theory Middle Childhood Agenda • Social cognitive theory • How it’s

w5 social cognitive theory+middle childhood.pdf - Week 5...

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Week 5 Social Cognitive Theory & Middle Childhood
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Agenda Social cognitive theory How it’s developed Key points Why SCT? Middle childhood Physical development Cognitive development Socioemotional development Special challenges
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Where We Have Been Overarching perspectives Person-environment Complex systems Zooming in Biological perspectives Psychosocial perspectives
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Social Cognitive Theory
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Key Points of Social Cognitive Theory Social origins of behavior People are active agents Importance of cognition (thought processes) in human functioning Thinking develops in social context
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Historical Development in Psychology Structuralism Behaviorism Social Cognitive Theory
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Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt, late 19 th Century Emphasizes human mental functioning & subjective experiences Analyze the underlying structure of mind Introspection Exam/observe one’s own mental and emotional processes
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Behaviorism John Watson, 1910s Psychology should focus on external behavior (what we do), not internal states (how we think/feel) All behaviors are learned from the environment ; results of stimuli response Little Albert experiment
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Environment Behavior
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