Variations HANDOUTS2.doc - Variations on Early Childhood Core Programs Reported by AEMBER DUANE P VICENTINO BECED 1-A Universal Preschools It is a

Variations HANDOUTS2.doc - Variations on Early Childhood...

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Variations on Early Childhood Core Programs Reported by: AEMBER DUANE P. VICENTINO BECED 1-A Universal Preschools - It is a public preschool funded by tax and made available to all children ages 2-5 years old, regardless of need or family income. – Government or State definition - Prekindergarten programs are offered for 4 year-olds and some include 3 year-olds as well. - For some, the focus is on school readiness . Others, give priority to children at risk for school failure , children who come from families in which English is not spoken, or low-income families Laboratory Schools - The college and university laboratory schools were among the first preschools established in the United States. - It is an elementary or secondary school operated in association with university, college, or other teacher education institution and used for the training of future teachers, educational research, and professional development. - They focus on teacher training, research, and innovative education. - Laboratory schools gather information previously unknown about children and child development. Campus Child care centers - Beginning to combine child care services with the laboratory function of teacher training in one setting. - Most campus child care centers began as small laboratories for college students, often for education students specializing in early elementary education. - A campus child care center can offer parents a conveniently located, good quality educational surrounding for their children. Parent Cooperatives - Faculty wives in the University of Chicago started the first parent cooperative in 1915.Parent Cooperative schools are organized and run by parents. This setting offers a unique opportunity for parents to be involved in the education of their children. - Parent Cooperatives offers half-day or full-day child care programs and are usually non-profit organizations. - Parents organize and maintain the school: They hire teachers, buy supplies and equipment, recruit members, raise funds, influence school philosophy, and manage the budget. Parents and their substitutes are required to participate in the classroom on a regular basis.
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Employer-Sponsored Child care - Refers to child care facilities on or near job site and supported by the business or industry. - Government agencies are among the largest employers offering child care options, primarily for use by military personnel, Hospitals, factories, colleges, and military bases often provide this service. For-Profit Child Care - Sometimes called “Proprietary child care,” Comprises over one third of all child care centers, viewed as a good investment opportunity. - For-Profit Child centers offer a variety of programs to meet parents’ needs. Although, the major concerns of the chief executives for this kind of organizations are the shortage of qualified teachers, public school early childhood programs, and the economy.
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