Design_for_Social_Sustainability_0.pdf - DESIGN FOR SOCIAL S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y A framework for creating thriving new communities Saffron

Design_for_Social_Sustainability_0.pdf - DESIGN FOR SOCIAL...

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DESIGN FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY A framework for creating thriving new communities Saffron Woodcraft with Tricia Hackett & Lucia Caistor-Arendar Foreword by Sir Peter Hall
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Future Communities is a partnership programme established by the Young Foundation to explore practical ways in which new housing settlements can succeed as communities where people want to live and work. Our starting point is that although there is widespread understanding of the physical and environmental challenges involved in creating new settlements, there is still much to be learnt from the UK, and internationally, about what makes some communities succeed and others fail. Lessons from communities that have become high profile failures should tell us that understanding the social dimensions of new settlements is crucial for their long- term success and sustainability. The social and financial costs of failure are high. In this paper we argue that building new communities that can flourish and become socially successful and sustainable is as important as designing places that are physically, economically and environmentally sustainable. Social sustainability is an issue of public value as well as the wellbeing, quality of life and satisfaction of future residents. It demands a new approach to planning, design and development that we call social design, which needs to be integrated into policy and professional practice across all the disciplines involved in the creation of new communities – much like the way standards of environmental sustainability have become widely adopted in recent years. This paper sets out how to plan, design and develop successful and socially sustainable new communities. The ideas and examples are drawn from a large scale review of evidence about what makes communities flourish, with practical examples and approaches from new settlements around the world. It was commissioned by the Homes and Communities Agency as part of Future Communities. This work will be published on as an online toolkit during 2011. ABOUT FUTURE COMMUNITIES 1 Where are the people? 2 The case for social sustainability CONTENTS 3 What does social sustainability mean? 4 Designing in social sustainability 4 24 30 36 4.1 Amenities & social infrastructure 4.2 Social & cultural life 4.3 Voice & influence 42 4.4 Space to grow 5 Conclusion References 8 14 20 48 51 Foreword by Sir Peter Hall 2
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2 DESIGN FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY Sir Peter Hall Bartlett Professor of Planning and Regeneration, UCL Senior Research Fellow, the Young Foundation FOREWORD 3 When the Young Foundation started on the work that has led to this publication, no one could have ever imagined just how topical it would become. The August riots in London and other British cities, which manifested a collapse of social sustainability and social order on a scale never before witnessed in this country, have naturally provoked a huge wave of public debate, a form of national hand-wringing, on what has happened and why. Our carefully-
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