Chapter 8 - Negotiation of the Collective Agreement.pptx - Chapter 8 Negotiation of the Collective Agreement Chapter Objectives 1 Identify the

Chapter 8 - Negotiation of the Collective Agreement.pptx -...

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Chapter 8: Negotiation of the Collective Agreement
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Chapter Objectives 1. Identify the determinants and significance of bargaining structure. 2. Outline the sub-processes of negotiation. 3. Describe the importance of the union-management relationship. 4. Explain practices and procedures in traditional adversarial bargaining. 5. Outline the implications of labour relations legislation for negotiation. 6. Identify strategy and tactics used in positional or distributive bargaining. 7. Describe the principle of interest-based bargaining. Objective s
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Today’s Climate Negotiators should look at the real problems facing companies and unions in today’s global economy and try to develop creative solutions to solve these problems. The economic climate, government interference, employer position in the market have a significance impact on different types of negotiations and bargaining. Every year, 1000 of collective agreements are negotiated in Canada. Labour negotiations take place between parties who are in an ongoing relationship. There will also be future negotiations.
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The Negotiation of 2009 The financial problems facing the automakers in 2009 was challenging due to the recession. General Motors Canada approached the federal and Ontario governments for assistance to stay in business. GM and the CAW negotiated a concessions package that was ratified by employees. The government however, felt that the concession bargaining needed further negotiations with the union before government assistance would be provided. When GM and CAW couldn’t negotiate a deal a week later, the deadline was extended .
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The Negotiation of 2009 On May 21 st , GM and the union reached an agreement that would be accepted by the federal and Ontario governments. The government gave $10.6 billion bailout to GM. The 2009 negotiations demonstrated the importance of the economic environment. If there had not been an economic crisis, the union wold not have agreed to concessions. Also, the case demonstrates the role that government plays in Labour Relations. If there was no bailout, GM would have closed its plants.
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Bargaining Structure Bargaining structure deals with the issue of who is bargaining with whom? Does a particular contract negotiation cover one or more unions , one or more employers , at one or more locations ? For example – there may be several colleges in a province employing teachers at different locations. Labour relations legislation may require, or the parties might agree to have contract negotiations cover several locations, or include different unions, or even more than one employer . Bargaining structure refers to the number of unions, employers, and establishments involved in contract negations Whom Bargains with Whom
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Possible Bargaining Structures Single Employer / Single Establishment / Single Union This structure is common in Canada.
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