EA300 An educational organization is an Open System. Discuss. ~ Mwalimu Makoba.docx

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VYUO EA300 An educational organization is an Open System. Discuss. BY MWALIMU MAKOBA A system is an organized collection of parts (a subsystems) that are highly integrated to accompish an overall goals. Or a system is a totally made up of interdependent parts which are arrenged in specific order so that they can work together toward the achievement of common objective. System are divided into two major types which are open systems and closed systems. Closed systems including non – living things and all those systems whose survival do not depend on constant adjustment with the environment. Closed system have hard boundaries through which very little information is exchanged. On the other hand, open systems are system which maintain themselves through constant exchange which their environment that is there is a continous outflow and inflow a building up and breaking down of components, never being so long as it is alive, in a state of chemical and thermodynamic equilibrium but maintained in a so called steady state which is distinct from the latter. According to Wikipedia, Open System is a system that has external interactions such interaction can take the form of information, energy, of material transfers into or out of the system boundary, depending on discipline which defines the concept. Generally, open systems are those systems/organizations capable of exchanging matter which their environment Examples biological organism and cell, and social organizations. Social system such as a school are generally regarded as open system. “Energy is transformed and something new is produced, a product is exported into the environmet, the pattern of energy is cyclical; the product that is exported into the environment is source of energy for repetition of the cycle of activities, the system aims to maximize its ratio of imported to expended energy, and last attribute the system exhibits differentiation, a tendency towards increased complexity through specialization. Therefore all schools are open system although the degree of interaction with their environment may vary.
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According to Open System views schools constantly interact with their environments. In fact, they need to structure themselves to deal with forces in the world around them. An Open System consists of five basic elements which are input, transformation process, outputs, feedback and environment.
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