Theorists List UNIT 3 & 4.docx - Topic Theorist Name Biological Influences Hormones Kosfiled Biological Influences Exercise Biological Influences

Theorists List UNIT 3 & 4.docx - Topic Theorist Name...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 12 pages.

Topic Theorist Name Theory Criticisms Contributions Biological Influences - Hormones Kosfiled Oxytocin - 194 Males - Some received an intranasal dosage of oxytocin the rest a placebo - Those who didn’t receive the placebo were more trusting Biological Influences - Exercise Seligman Exercise and health - Moderate amount of exercise can halve the risk of heart attack; adding two years of life expectancy Biological Influences - Aphasias Broca Broca’s area - Motor speech area (Movements for speech) - Left Frontal lobe - Language Comprehension - Expressive Aphasia: Can’t produce language and get frustrated Biological Influences - Aphasias Wernicke Wernicke’s area - Sensory Speech area (understanding language) - Left Temporal lobe - Fluent-Aphasia: Can produce language but lacks meaning - Unaware of issue Relational Influences - Conflict Follett Kids Fighting over an orange - Mum splits it in half (imposed/distributive) - One kid uses only the rind while the other only the fruit - If she had talked to them there could’ve been a better outcome (integrative) Relational Influences - Attachment theory Harry Harlow - Reared infant Rhesus monkeys in isolation with two surrogates ‘mothers’ - One had a bottle (wire) the other offered comfort (soft) - Results: 1 hour – Food 17 hours – Comfort - Contact Comfort - Highly Unethical
Image of page 1
Relational Influences - Attachment theory Bowlby 44 thieves - Compared 44 juvenile thieves and 44 controls - Over half of the thieves were removed from their mother at an early age - Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis - Monotropy: Tendency to attach to female figure - Suggests they were suffering from privation, rather than deprivation because they never formed an attachment. Relational Influences - Attachment theory Ainsworth Strange Situation : Eight steps (enter stranger, leave child alone, return to comfort etc) - 3 types of attachment: Anxious avoidant (A), secure attachment (B) and anxious resistant (C), - Based on a western society Relational Influences - Attachment theory Main & Solomon Disorganised Attachment - Developed prior to the strange situation Relational Influences - Parenting Styles Baumrind Parenting Styles - Permissive: High responsiveness – Low control - Authoritarian: Low responsiveness – High control - Authoritative: High responsiveness – High control - Neglectful: Low responsiveness – Low control - Presumes strong control is the best form of parenting - Too much weight on consistency rather than context Cognition - Classical Conditioning Pavlov Dog Experiment - Dog is presented with food (UCS) and begins to salivate (UCR) - Bell is rung (NS) - Bell is rung (NS) when presented with food - Bell rings (CS) the dog salivates (CR) - Tested on animals so can’t be generalised to humans - Very scientific - Uses experimental method - Nature vs nurture Cognition - Classical Conditioning Watson Little Albert – Scared of loud noises - Plays with a pet rat and doesn’t fear it - Watson made a loud noise every time albert played with the rat which scared him – Repeated numerous times - He became scared of the rat and anything that shared the
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 12 pages?

  • Fall '18
  • maya

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors