Health Studies Year 12 FINAL NOTES.docx - Health Studies Year 12 Characteristics and needs of specific populations A specific population is a group of

Health Studies Year 12 FINAL NOTES.docx - Health Studies...

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Health Studies Year 12 Characteristics and needs of specific populations A specific population is a group of people that share similar characteristics and needs Characteristics are features or qualities that cause groups to be characterised. Eg. Education, gender, height/weight. Needs are things that the population needs in terms of prevention, health care and support. Eg. Education, health care, access. Access and Equity Issues of Specific Populations Access and equity – Everyone should be able to access all services if they are in need, and there should be equitable opportunities and standards of living for all. To achieve equity, resources need to be allocated unequally, since some people need more than others. Factors That Create Health Inequities (GUAARDDOGGSSH) - G eographic location - U nemployment - A ccess to health care - A ccess to and level of education - R acism - D iscrimination - D islocation of land - O ccupation - G overnment policy - G ender - S ocial isolation - S ocioeconomic status - H ealth literacy Qualitative and Quantitative Measures for Detecting Health Inequities and/or Injustices - Epidemiological data - Social determinants of health Impact of Determinants on Health Inequities SOCIAL: (FUSSWASTESC) - Food - Unemployment - Social gradient - Social exclusion - Work - Addiction - Stress - Transport - Early life - Social support - Culture SOCIOECONOMIC: (FAHEEMIF) - Family - Access to services - Housing/neighbourhood - Education - Employment - Migration/refugee status - Income
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- Food security ENVIRONMENTAL - Features of the natural and built environment - Geographical location BIOMEDICAL - Birthweight - Bodyweight Global and Local Barriers to Addressing Social Determinants of Health (PDFDA) Poverty: The state of being extremely poor. People’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter are not being met. It is a deprivation of basic human needs which depends not only on income but also on access to services. The poverty line in the world’s poorest countries is approximately $2 a day. How does poverty impact the social determinants/prevent them from being addressed? - Food, unemployment, stress, etc. Disease outbreak: The occurrence of cases of disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a particular community. An epidemic occurs when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people. How does disease outbreak impact the social determinants/prevent them from being addressed? - Unemployment, stress, social gradient etc. Famine: A famine is a widespread scarcity of food caused by several factors including crop failure and population imbalance. How does famine impact the social determinants/prevent them from being addressed? - Food, unemployment, stress, early life etc. Drought: A drought is a period of below average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages of water supply.
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  • Fall '18
  • maya

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