American Prison system.docx - Surname 1 Name Unit Tutor Date The American prison system The United States is indisputably a country with the highest

American Prison system.docx - Surname 1 Name Unit Tutor...

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Surname 1 Name Unit Tutor Date The American prison system The United States is indisputably a country with the highest number of incarcerated population in the world. As of 2016, 2.2 million Americans were said to be in prison (Rakoff, 784). Taking a comparison with the overall US population, it translates to 655 inmates for every 100,000 Americans. The country spends approximately $80 billion to keep the justice system operational with a turnover of about $100 Billion from bail bonds, court costs and prison phone rates (Rakoff, 784). The cost of maintaining the prison system in America keeps rising year after year regardless of the many efforts put in place to curtail the crisis. Analysts have argued on the economic viability of the system since it is run at the expense of taxpayers' money. One cannot go without noting how biased the system is, color, gender, and age determine whether you will be imprisoned or not. The mass incarceration is selective and unfair based on the color, age or gender of the suspect. The article 'How Prisons Change the Balance of Power in America', authored by Heather Ann Thompson, is rich with analytical information on the state of America's prison system. The article was published on October 7, 2013, in the Atlantic. The author gives detailed ideas on the impact the fourteenth amendment and the war on crime brought havoc to the colored Americans. According to Ann, American correctional facilities are overcrowded by "nation's poorest, most mentally ill, and least-educated citizens and ponder the moral costs" (Thompson, 772). The
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Surname 2 economic viability of the overall prison system cannot be guaranteed owing to the high population of prisoners. Besides the 2.2 million Americans actively serving sentences ranging from moths to life, another over 7 million potential prisoners are on close supervision by the system. On detailed assessment, the whole system is deeply racialized. Mass incarceration has undermined American democracy, especially on the issue of voting. The enormous energy spent on trying to reform the system is proving futile. The author questions the viability of locking up people in prison with intentions of reducing crime, yet, the crime rate is soaring. After the 1865 order to ban slavery came into effect, the fights to control supremacy led to unending constitutional interpretations between whites and people of color (Thompson, 774). The 1965 Voting Rights Act signed by Lyndon Johnson gave the blacks full
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