18686-1-35585-3-10-20180505.pdf - Jurnal REKAYASA DAN MANAJEMEN AGROINDUSTRI ISSN 2503-488X Vol 3 No 4 Desember 2015(140-148 APLIKASI COMMODITY SYSTEM

18686-1-35585-3-10-20180505.pdf - Jurnal REKAYASA DAN...

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Jurnal REKAYASA DAN MANAJEMEN AGROINDUSTRI ISSN: 2503-488X, Vol. 3. No. 4. Desember 2015 (140-148) 140 APLIKASI COMMODITY SYSTEM ASSESSMENT METHOD (CSAM) DALAM DISTRIBUSI SAWI PAKCOY ( Brassica rapa L) DARI PETANI DI KECAMATAN BATURITI KE PENGECER Putu Eka Suwarjana 1 , I.G.A Lani Triani 2 , Bambang Admadi 2 1 Mahasiswa Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, UNUD 2 Dosen Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, UNUD E-mail: [email protected] 1 Email koresponden: [email protected] 2 ABSTRACT The aimed of research were to determine the type of pakcoy mustards distribution lines from farmers in Baturiti District to retailers to determine the distribution lines and postharvest handling of pakcoy mustard from farmers in Baturiti District to retailers, and to determine the impact of postharvest loss and pesticide residues in pakcoy mustard from farmers in Baturiti District to retailers . The study used a survey method with the application of Commodity System Assessment Method in the form of questionnaire distributed to farmers, collectors, wholesalers, and retailers pakcoy mustard. There were three distribution lines of pakcoy mustard, line 1 (farmers ---- retailers), lane II (farmers ---- collectors --- retailers), lane III (farmers ---- collectors ---- wholesalers ---- retailers). Postharvest handling at the farm level include of harvesting, sorting, packaging, and transporting. Postharvest handling at the level of collector and wholesalers includes the weighing and transporting, postharvest handling at the retailer level includes inspection, packaging, and display. The impact on postharvest loss pakcoy mustard at farm level was at harvesting level reached 13%, at collectors level was in the process of transporting up to 2%, at the level of big traders on transporting reached 2%, and at the retail level on the display reached 9%. Keyword: CSAM, distribution, mustard pakcoy PENDAHULUAN Sayuran bagi masyarakat Indonesia tidak bisa ditinggalkan dalam kehidupan sehari hari karena manfaatnya yang begitu banyak diantaranya adalah sebagai sumber vitamin dan protein. Sawi pakcoy merupakan sayuran yang sudah dikenal sejak dahulu dan merupakan salah satu sayuran yang digemari oleh berbagai kalangan masyarakat. Keunggulan lain dari sayuran sawi pakcoy yaitu harga yang relatif murah, mudah diperoleh di pasar tradisional maupun di swalayan, serta jumlah produksi yang cukup besar. Produksi sawi pakcoy terbanyak terdapat di Kabupaten Tabanan yaitu sebesar 776 kwintal dan luas tanam sawi pakcoy 52 Ha ( Dinas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan, 2013 ). Sawi pakcoy yang dihasilkan oleh petani mengalami beberapa jalur distribusi sebelum sampai ke tangan konsumen. Jalur distribusi yang berbeda akan menyebabkan penanganan yang berbeda sehingga kerusakan pada tiap jalur distribusi juga berbeda. Cara untuk menjaga mutu sawi
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Jurnal REKAYASA DAN MANAJEMEN AGROINDUSTRI ISSN: 2503-488X, Vol. 3. No. 4. Desember 2015 (140-148) 141 pakcoy, maka diperlukan penanganan pascapanen yang benar sehingga dihasilkan komoditi yang siap dipasarkan dengan mutu yang baik. Perlu dilakukan penelitian pascapanen sawi pakcoy untuk
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